the First and Permanent Forum of Arab-Afro Dialogue on Democracy and Human Rights December 2009

 

Ahmed Moustafa the Author

Assem Nosseir My Partner

Dr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali the President of NCHR on the right and his Vice Ambassador Mokhles Kotb on the left

First of all, I would like to thank and send my deepest regards to all the persons and organizations who involved in, organized and prepared the First and Permanent Forum of Arab-Afro Dialogue on Democracy and Human Rights December 2009 under the title of “Migrations in the Arab-African World” which has been held recently at the Arab League, Cairo, Egypt from 7-9 December 2009.

 

However, I just want to send very special regard as a gratitude to the National Council for Human Rights of Egypt (NCHR) headed by both of his Excellency Dr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali the President and the Vice-President of the forum and his Excellency Ambassador Mokhles Kotb the Vice-President of NCHR who invited us to attend such glorious event.

 

Notwithstanding exceeding the time permitted according to some long speeches of the speakers, the inauguration was amazing according to the attendance of all of their Excellencies Dr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Mrs. Irina Bokova the Director-General of UNESCO, Mr. Abdou Diouf the Secretary General of La Francophonie and President of the Forum, Mr. Ahmed Fathi Sorour the Head and the Representative of the Egyptian Parliament, Mrs. Aisha Abdel Hadi Egyptian Minister of Manpower and Migration, Mr. Federico Mayor President of the foundation Cultura de Paz – Spain, Mrs. Julia Dolly Joiner Commissioner for Political Affairs, African Union Commission and Mr. Bacre Ndiaye Director, Human Rights Council and Treaties Division Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights respectively.       

 

Frankly speaking, it was one of my dreams to enter the premises of the Arab League here in Egypt as a participant in a big conference like this and being existed side-by-side with several Ambassadors, Parliamentary Members, Commissioners and VIPs exchanging and sharing our thoughts, ideas, opinions, dreams and experiences all together and working for humanitarian utility and prosperity.

 

Without any doubt, I liked a lot that some impressive sentences from the official opening of such conference especially that focused on sharing the responsibility and the commitment to solve all the global socio-economic, environmental and financial crises, then the active dialogue between cultures and the role of UNESCO in this regard and that the main objective of the UNESCO is the Peace which was stated by her Excellency Mrs. Bokova. In addition, what was added by Dr. Ahmed Fathi Sorour about the UN Migration Treaty of 1990 that highlighted on that migration is one of the fundamental rights of the human and the rights of migrants and their families.

 

Moreover, a big question was tackled in such forum, which supposed to be the more deserving matter, the free transit of people or the free transit of goods? Because this is the dilemma that we are facing in this time being.   

 

Accordingly, due to our objective observation of the topics highlighted in the forum as the first one, the following questions shall be tackled:

 

1)      We should determine evidently the differences among the regular/legal migrant, the illegal/irregular migrant, foreign permanent workers, foreign temporary workers, voluntary migration and forced migration. Because such fundamental concepts shall lead us to a logical and objective methodology of solutions.

 

2)      Is there a need to establish some more unions e.g. Mediterranean Union 2008 after Barcelona Process 1995 when there are no feasibility so far for having such unions, and the peoples of South are suffering more and more, because most of the rational people found such unions or agreements established only for more security of the southern boundaries of the North. (in this regard please read my blog as follows: https://intellecto.wordpress.com/2008/02/05/dialogue-between-euro-med-region-gulf/ )

 

3)      Is the latest legislations that issued by European Parliament at the European Union in June 2008 were fair in respect of the irregular or illegal migration in respect of detaining the illegal migrants for at least 18 months,  and then deport and blacklist them from the country of destination for at least 5 years are legal enough. (In this regard please read my blog as follows: https://intellecto.wordpress.com/2008/06/26/detaining-illegal-migrants-is-a-black-scar-in-the-forehead-of-eu/ )

 

4)      In the matter of entry visa, why any ordinary person from South should wait at least two weeks to obtain his entry visa, even if such person is invited by some governmental or non-governmental corporate to attend a forum or a conference at one of the countries of North/Developed countries? However, if someone from any developed country wish to travel to any country of south, it is very easy for him/her to obtain an entry visa at the airport of the hosting county in a lower duties. Therefore, where is the principle of the reciprocity? (Such matter occurred to me at one of the schingen visa countries).

 

5)      The issue of human rights specially migration is totally considered as youth issue, therefore, we have to work strongly on two main dimensions, the first is to disseminate the appropriate awareness among the youth in the Arab-Afro region that shall be fulfilled by applying the codes of the Academic Freedom which we have a lag and lack in it (that means freedom in electing University Board, Deans, Heads of Departments and Students’ Unions and making students get exposed to all political orientations in society, in order to grow their conceptual and cognitive awareness. In addition to applying the codes of recruiting university staff according to the latest Human Resources Methods not according to state security requirements).Whereas the second is to disseminate such culture and awareness through media used by such use especially youtube, facebook, hi5, Taking IT Global and Zorbia sites used by billions of youth worldwide through the internet which was very effective in Obama’s success in the latest US presidential elections.

 

6)      In respect of the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance, frankly speaking all the participants found it comprehensive and including all fundamental human rights needed worldwide. However, the big problem here is how to convince all the African political regimes to ratify and implement it, this big problem shall be solved in my point of view according to both awareness as mentioned in the above point and alliance between National Human Rights Councils and Civil Society organizations to be as a pressure group on the African governments under the umbrella and support of the United Nations and UNESCO in this regard though well effective methodology based on all of the logical negotiations, affecting the politics of containment, more privileges and incentives granted and given for countries affecting and implementing the charter by granting states, and also giving guarantees that such implementation of charter shall never negatively affect on sovereign states, cultural privacy and identity thereto.

 

7)      There is also a big dilemma concerning how to fund such projects of change, human rights implementation, awareness and migration programs, because most of the countries in this Arab-Afro region are developing and having financial crises. Simply, the parliamentary members and heads of National Human Rights Councils and Commissions should implement the codes of the transparency with their governments and monitoring the ways of spending the public funds by their existed governments. Therefore, the governments should publish the real figures of their both military and police expenditures. Also the same bodies should be connected with the national census centers and authorities of accountability in this regard, in order to unify figures and statistics that shall facilitate monitoring and observing the governments. Accordingly, a lot of funds shall be a available for all sustainable development, human rights and migration programs.

 

8)      Hosting Gulf countries are free to put and promulgate the codes of expatriates residence and working conditions thereof lest occurring to a big change in its demography, because such countries are suffering from less population. However, the governments or municipalities have to monitor the private sector there that violates the labor laws. Also they should cancel the system of Sponsorship/Kafalah, because such system is inconsistent with the codes of the ILO and human rights. In addition, Gulf countries should follow the model of Bahrain in this regard as a unique and respected model.

 

9)      The Articles of Association of some international organizations should be amended in way that may guarantee fair quotas for developing countries to which they can express themselves and their problems much better especially the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank (WB). Whereas such two bodies have to rethink of their economic reform policies addressed to the developing countries in the light of the Global Financial Recession that originally caused by G7 particularly US. Also better more effective monitoring and controlling tools should be implemented on funds and grants given by such organizations to the developing countries to avoid corruption that can be occurred in between employees or commissioners of such organizations and regimes in such countries and ways and program of expenditure/spending have to be clear and transparent.

 

Last but not least, hope both my questions and solutions meet your interest in this regard, then being implemented in your action plan and finally to meet and welcome your good-selves in Alexandria ”My City”, Egypt in February 2010.

 

Kindest regards,

 

Ahmed Moustafa    

Socio-economic Specialist/Researcher/Legal Translator at (www.eldib.com.eg)

Human Rights Activist/Blogger/Youth Trainer

International Law Association (ILA) Coordinator in Egypt

Work Tel: 002-03-4950000

Mob/Cell: 002-010-9229411       

Email: solimon2244@yahoo.com

Solimon146@hotmail.com

URL: https://intellecto.wordpress.com

http://www.youtube.com/solimon246

http://www.proz.com/profile/1104929  

http://www.facebook.ciom/reqs.php#/profile.php?id=587381054&ref=name

    

 

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Detaining Illegal Migrants is a Black Scar in the Forehead of EU

On 18/06/2008 the EU Parliament passed a law against illegal migrants to Europe that shall make the authorities (the ministries of interior and migration) entitled to detain illegal migrants for a period up to 18 consecutive months, not only that but also a re-entry ban for at least five years.

All the human rights activists and organizations were shocked when they listened to this new law that has been passed by the majority of EU parliamentary members and condemned it, furthermore, the new law extends to minors and this is a shame, European Justice and Home Affairs Commissioner Jacques Barrot said in statement it was important to have common standards and that the measure would be implemented with full respect for human rights conventions.

Without any doubt migration is one of the human rights, the big curse right now that the countries searching all the time for security not for the human being, may be the Europeans voted for this law to digest the huge numbers of Eastern Europe migrants after adopting all the European states in the EU.

Frankly speaking, most of the migrants from south, especially from MENA region and Africa, however this is as a result of keeping the mutual interests in between the politicians from north and south with regardless to the people and to the youth who represents the majority of illegal migrants, and if we review the chart of this new Mediterranean Union, we shall find the security factor to protect southern Europe represent at least 50% of this chart, why we don’t replace the word of security by the word of humanity.

Moreover, this law will allow to authorities in Europe to detain illegal migrants for at least 18 months in prisons, why instead of thinking in detention, they did not think of rehabilitation or reform programs for illegal migrants? Because, after this reform program they can legally refine who is meritorious to stay in Europe as a legal migrant and who is not, and the cost shall be the same or lower than the same if we made a simple feasibility study in that regard, then they can assume and allege that they implement the human rights.

Historically, most of Western Europe states have a bad track record in colonizing the states of south for hundreds of years and leaching their wealth through this terrible colonization, therefore the relationship between north and south was unequal and in the favour of Europe all the time, so if some migrants from south tried to migrate to north (Europe) for just having the fundamental rights of life that shall never represent a simple part of their stolen rights for hundreds of year if we shall make our estimations in this time being based on the rate of inflation.

Really, our regimes unfortunately wasted our rights, because they didn’t sue till now the colonizers from Europe to claim them seriously for our stolen wealth and treasures, and unfortunately also they were satisfied by those week partnership programs.

Frankly speaking, I’m very much interested in the Israeli experience, because of adhering their rights and fighting for it until get it made, because I remember very well how they could exploit both political and media tools in the matter of the holocaust in their favour and getting the fair compensations accordingly from the states who committed that.

Hope my regimes in south may think in that way to restore our rights from Europe, finally this law may affect negatively on the intercultural dialogue, because, how can I build bridges with your side and you expel me, what type of dialogue could take place between us and you all the time thinking that I’m inferior than you.

We respect dialogue, but when dialogue based on mutual respect and equity, not based on the interest of only one side against the other.

Therefore, we kindly request again from the European Parliament to rethink again of this law and replace it by my proposed reform program.

Best regards,

Ahmed Moustafa    

Socio-economic Specialist/Researcher/Legal Translator at (www.eldib.com.eg)

Human Rights Activist/Blogger/Youth Trainer

International Law Association (ILA) Coordinator in Egypt

Work Tel: 002-03-4950000

Mob/Cell: 002-010-9229411       

Email: solimon2244@yahoo.com

Solimon146@hotmail.com

URL: https://intellecto.wordpress.com

http://www.youtube.com/solimon246

http://www.proz.com/profile/1104929  

http://www.facebook.ciom/reqs.php#/profile.php?id=587381054&ref=name