Ahmed Moustafa: the Referendum on the Constitution of Egypt fm 14-15 Jan 2014

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أحمد مصطفى: التصويت على دستور مصر 14-15 يناير 2014

 

Ahmed Moustafa: the Referendum on the Constitution of Egypt fm 14-15 Jan 2014

 

اعتقد ان التاريخ سيسطر يومى 14 و15 بحروف من نور وخصوصا بعدما رأينا منذ المس التأمين الكبير لكل لجان التصويت على دستور مصر الجديد 2013 من قبل رجال الجيش وشرطة مصر الأوفياء وكذلك طلب الفريق السيسى نزول الجماهير وخصوصا النساء واطفالهم للتصويت على الدستور كما طلب من المصريين سابقا النزول لتفويض الجيش فى محاربته لإرهاب الجماعات المحظورة والمتطرفة فى رمضان الماضى.

 

I think that the history will mention the days of 14 and 15 of Jan in letters of light, especially after what we saw since yesterday the big security for all the constituencies of the referendum on the new constitution of Egypt 2013 from the real men of both army and police of Egypt, as well as the polite request of Marshal Al-Sisi from the people especially women and their children to vote on the new constitution for legitimacy, as he requested before from Egyptians to stand for authorizing the army to fight the restricted terrorist groups in Ramadan. 

 

بالنسبة للجو فكان يشبه بأيام اواخر الخريف الدافئة حيث أن الأجواء كانت مواتية جدا اليوم لنزول المصريين للتصويت على دستورهم الجديد ويؤكد ذلك متابعتى للفضائيات المصرية وهى الأصدق بالنسبة لى والتى نشرت كاميراتها فى كل المحافظات المصرية مع متابعة من قبل مراسليها لكل ما يحدث على ارض الواقع خطوة بخطوة لهذا اليوم المختلف فى حياة المصريين حيث لا مبارك ولا اخوان حيث تحرر الشعب من جلاديه.

 

The weather also was perfect and is similar to the last warmy days of fall, whereas the meteorological conditions were perfect today that helped a lot the Egyptians to vote on their new constitutions, the matter which was confirmed by the cameras of the honest Egyptian satellite channels, which disseminated their cameras throughout Egypt in addition to their correspondents thereof to televise everything from reality step by step for this distinguished day in the life of Egyptians, whereas there is neither Mubarak or Brotherhood, as the people has been released from their executors. 

 

من اللافت للنظر نزول المرأة المصرية من كافة الأعمار والقطاعات وحتى مع اولادها فى كل المحافظات وبكثافة منقطعة النظير مع سيادة جو من البهجة والفرح والسرور والزغاريد وحتى الرقص ابتهاجا بالدستور الجديد أمام اللجان على موسيقى اغنية تسلم الأيادى التى تم اهدائها للجيش المصرى لدعمهم للشعب فى ثورة 30 يونيو والتخلص من الفصيل الخائن – يرجى العلم ان المراة المصرية دائما بموجب مراقبة الإستفتاءات السابقة تنزل بنسبة 65% من قوة التصويت الفعلية بموجب بعض المؤشرات الحقوقية الموضوعية فى مصر.

 

The remarkable matter is the participation of women from all ages and sectors, even with their children in all governorates and with unprecedented intense, with an ambiance of joy and happiness and even with zagharids and dancing that pertaining to the new constitution before constituencies on the music of a hit released recently for the Egyptian army “Teslam Al-Ayady – the Blessed Arms” to which dedicated to our Egyptian army after the revolution of June 30th, 2013, as well as disposal of the betrayer group – bearing in mind that the Egyptian women scored in the prior referendum a percentage of 65% of the actual voting power as per the objective legal indices in Egypt.    

 

كذلك نزول كبار السن ممن تزيد اعمارهم عن الستين عاما بشكل ايضا ملفت وكذلك متحدى الإعاقة – وهذا لضحد كل ما ادعاه إخوان صهيون بالحشد واتلاف الإستفتاء كما كذبوا سابقا واليوم هو اكبر صفعة على وجه هذا التيار الكاذب عملاء الخارج ليثبت للعالم كله حجمه الحقيقى حيث كان تحذير الجيش واضح وصريح التعامل بكل حزم مع اى متجاوز من هذه الجماعة ح- بالفعل كان عرس مصر اليوم.

As well as the voting of the elders of the people whose ages exceeding 60 years is very remarkable also, in addition to the handicaps – and such evidences refute everything alleged by Brotherhood of Zion to crowd a big quantity of people and demolish the referendum, as they lied to us before, and today is the biggest hit on the face of such betrayer group the client of abroad, to make the whole world assess their real diminished volume, whereas the warning of the army was clear and frank to treat so strictly with any person violating the instructions from this group – accordingly it was really a big Egyptian celebration in this day.

 

التجاوزات تكاد تكون متناهية فى الصغر مقارنة بأن حجم القوة التصويتية المصرية يقدر بحوالى 53 مليون مصرى يحق لهم التصويت حتى لو قضى حوال 10 فلا يمثل شىء وغالبيتهم كان يتحدى تعليمات الأمن المشددة والدولة وهذا لا يحدث فى اى دولة.

 

Violations were diminished comparing to the volume of the voting power, as it is about 53 million of Egyptians who are really entitled to vote, and even if 10 people pasted away, such figure represents nothing, as most of them were challenging the security measures and the state, which is a very rare matter in any state.  

 

يوحى الدستور وحجم التصويت عليه انه الإتجاه العام فى الخطوة الثالثة فى خارطة الطريق هى الترشح لمنصب الرئاسة فى مصر وسواءا ترشح الفريق السيسى من عدمه فالتصويت على دستور اليوم شىء وفكرة ترشح الفريق السيسى للرئاسة امر ثانى ولو اراد فهو كمواطن مصرى يحق له هذا الترشح – أعتقد ان الفريق السيسى كرئيس سابق للمخابرات الحربية يتشابه فى خلفيته مع الرئيس الروسى بوتين والذى رفع روسيا من الأرض للسماء بعد انحلالها واعاد دورها لتصبح وليصبح هو الرئيس الأكثر تأثيرا فى العالم فى 2013 وبشهادة وسائل الإعلام الأجنبية.

 

Whereas the constitution and the voting volume inspiring us the general trend in the third step of the charter of Egypt represented in the candidature for presidency in Egypt, and whether Marshal Sisi candidates himself or not, voting on the constitution today is something and the matter of his candidature is something else, and if he wishes, he is an Egyptian citizen and he is entitled to go through such candidature procedures – However Sisi was the director of the militant intelligence before, as his background is very similar to president Putin, the man who raised Russia from the bottom to the top after collapse, and restored its role in the world to be the most impressive president in the world in 2013 as mentioned in foreign media.

 

وما اقوله ليس دعاية لسيادة الفريق لأن محبيه بالملايين كما راينا اليوم – عموما بالنسبة لى سأرى عند الترشح لو كان المرشحين من العيار الثقيل الأفضل فى برنامجه الرئاسى بالرغم ان الشعبية للفريق السيسى ستظل موجودة وأكبر من اى منافس له وانا هنا اتكلم عما هو موجود بالفعل.

 

And what I mentioned here-above is not a kind of publicity of Al-Sisi, because his lovers are uncountable (millions) as we saw today – in general, during candidature, when candidates are strong enough, the candidate of the best presidential program will be my candidate, despite the popularity of Marshal Sisi will be existed and more than any of his competitors, and I am here to talk based on the actual situation on the floor.   

 

واقول للمقاطعين انكم بالفعل لو لكم ارضية و”قد يكون لديكم وجهة نظر محترمة” او كنتم من الآخرين الذين غرر بهم ممن لم يقراوا الدستور وسمع من شيوخه أن الدستور يدعو للإباحية والكفر وما الى ذلك من ادعاءات كاذبة – لكنتم اتيتم لصناديق الإقتراع وقلتم كلمتكم ولن يثنيكم أحد عنها لأن الأصوات سواء بنعم او بلا هى التى تحتسب اما المقاطعة لم ولن تنفع سابقا او لاحقا.

 

And I say to the boycotters, if you really have the proper floor “some of you could be wiser than me” or being from the brainwashed, who have not read the constitution, and heard from their sheikhs that this constitution is calling for pornography or atheism or other fake matters, you had to come and vote and saying your word, and nobody can stop you to say it whether (Yes) or (No), because the vote is counted, however boycott is useless.

 

 

أرى ان هناك البعض ولكن ليست الغالبية كان لديه الخوف من اشاعات الإخوان بإتلاف الإستفتاء ولهذا لم ينزل اليوم للتصويت ولكن اعتقد بعد متابعتهم الحية للإعلام المصرى الصادق والذى كان طرفا مهما فى نقل الصورة من على ارض الواقع بما فيها الجوانب السلبية من حركات تيار الإخوان الصبيانية سينزل الغد للتصويت على الدستور الجديد.

 

I think that some of the voters, not the majority of them, who did not vote today, had some fears from the gossips of Brotherhood of Zion concerning demolishing the referendum, therefore this is why some of the people did not vote today, but I think after their life following to the frank Egyptian media, who is an important party to reveal the image from reality including the negativities made by the childish acts of the brotherhood, they will go on the next day to vote.    

 

أكبر شكر اوجهه الليلة للشعب المصرى الذى نزل وكلما ينزل وبحشد كبير لا يمكن لأى تيار ايما كان تخويفه واقولها هذا الشعب الذى خلع كل من مبارك وجماعة اخوان صهيون لا يمكن الخوف عليه ابدا ولا يمكن الضحك عليه لا من فلول مبارك ولا فلول الإخوان والذين يظهروا علينا بأقنعة مختلفة ويحاولون اللحاق بالموجة ويتنصلون من بطاقات حزب الحرية والعدالة – فلو كانوا فعلا ثابتين على المبدا لتمسكوا بحزبهم ولكن غايتهم هى السلطة والمال.

 

My biggest thanks will be addressed to the Egyptian people, who disregarded all the fears of any stream, and went to vote on the new constitution in a big crowd, and I do repeat that such people who deposed Mubarak and Brotherhood of Zion, cannot be cheated again whether from the remnants of Mubarak or Brotherhood, who tried to dance on all ropes with different masks, and trying to fluid with the current and dispose of Freedom and Justice IDs, and I think if they are really adhered to their principles, they will be adhered to their political party, however their target is only the power and wealth.

      

واتابع منذ قليل اقتحام طلبة اخوان صهيون جامعة المنصورة والذين التقطت صورهم كاميرات المراقبة قبل ان يحطموهم – ليعرف القاصى والدانى من هو المخرب ومن يتحدى الدولة ومن لا يريد الإستقرار ومن يكره فعلا بلده.

 

Whereas I followed a little bit before on Dream2, the breakthrough of the students of Brotherhood of Zion to Mansoura University, who were captured by the internal monitor cameras before damaging it, to make whole people around be aware, who is really committing demolition, challenging the state, not seeking settlement and hate their homeland.

 

وبالنسبة للغير واعين والمتحلون بسوء النية عن الجيش المصرى وعن وزارة الدفاع أقول لهم ان الجيش لم يتدخل فى اى بند من حتى البنود الخاصة بوزارة الدفاع والقوات المسلحة فى مواد الدستور وتركت مواد خاصة بميزانية الجيش للبرلمان المقبل – ولكن اذكر هؤلاء ان وزارة الدفاع الأمريكية تلقت من الخزانة الأمريكية ومن دافع الضرائب المريكى منذ 1997 وحتى هذه السنة 2013 ما يقرب من 8.5 تريلليون دولار امريكى دون ادنى نقاش عن هذه المبالغ وطبيعة صرفها وحصلت فقط هذا العام على مبلغ يقدر بحوالى 650 مليار دولار – ايضا هناك علاقات كبيرة بين الجيوش القوية فى بريطانيا وفرنسا وروسيا والصين وايران بالشركات الكيبرى داخل هذه البلدان حتى لا يكون الجيش تحت رحمة سوء وضع فشل الإقتصاد الداخلى – لأنه جيش قوى دائما يمثل دولة قوية.

 

Concerning the unaware persons who think maliciously about our Army and the Ministry of Defense, therefore I reply all of them that army had not interfered in any article of the constitution draft, even if the articles of the Armed Forces and the Ministry of Defense and left the articles of the balance of the army to the coming parliament to handle it – But I have to remind those people that the Pentagon obtained from US Treasury “from the Taxpayers since 1997 until 2013” about (US$ 8.5 Trillion) without any debate or discussion about such very huge amounts and the nature of spending it, and obtained only in this year about (US$ 650 Billion) – Also there are big relations with strong armies in all of GBR, France, Russia, China and Iran with domestic Big Companies inside such states, lest the army exposed to any internal financial or economic deficit – because “a strong army represents a strong state”.  

 

وهذا للعلم،،،،،،،

 

أحمد مصطفى

باحث اقتصادى وسياسى        

 

Be guided accordingly,,,,,

 

Ahmed Moustafa

Economic & Political Researcher

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أحمد مصطفى: العلاقات المصرية الروسية – Ahmed Moustafa: Egyptian Russian Relations

أحمد مصطفى: العلاقات المصرية الروسية
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بداية/
ترجع العلاقات القوية بين مصر وروسيا أهم جمهوريات الإتحاد السوفيتى السابق الى ما يقرب من 70 سنة مضت – وازدادت العلاقة بشكل قوى منذ عام 1955 منذ بداية طلب الزعيم عبد الناصر استيراد سلاح من تشيكسلوفاكيا سابقا نكاية فى الأمريكان الذين رفضوا صفقات السلاح وايضا استغلوا سطوتهم على صندوق النقد الدولى فى نيويورك لمحاولة فرض شروط مجحفة لبناء مشروع السد العالى الذى حمى مصر من اخطار الفيضان وايضا استطعنا من خلاله والى الان توليد الطاقة الكهرومائية منه لكافة ارجاء مصر وبالتالى كان رد ناصر على هذا الأمر هو تاميم القناة وان العالم ليس الغرب وليس الولايات المتحدة وخصوصا بعد العدوان الثلاثى على مصر فى عام 1956 حيث أن الروس دائما لا يقدمون دعم مالى للحلفاء او الشركاء الروس دائما يقدمون الدعم التقنى الفنى العالى المستوى وبالفعل شارك الروس فى بناء السد العالى بشكل مزهل والذى قيل عنه انه مشروع بناء اكثر من هرم من اهرام الجيزة الحالية فى اسوان وتلى التعاون المصرى الروسى بناء كل من مصانع الحديد والصلب بحلون بالقاهرة والذى استغلته القوات المسلحة المصرية فى بناء اكبر جيش عربى فى المنطقة الجيش المصرى وقامت عليه صناعة السيارات والمهمات العسكرية وغيرها وايضا مجمع صناعة الألومنيوم فى مدينة نجع حمادى فى محافظة قنا بالقرب من الأقصر – أيضا غالبية التسلح الذى خاض به الجيش المصرى حروبه والذى انتصر به على اسرائيل فى ظل قيادة الرئيس الراحل انور السادات كان ايضا روسى والذى اخذ اقوى قرار فى العصر المعاصر قرار الحرب على اسرائيل وهزيمتها ثم قل مستوى التعاون بين البلدين بطبيعة الحال فتجاه السادات لأمريكا انذاك كالقوى الأولى فى العالم على اساس لماذا لا نجرب الغرب والذى تسبب فى قتله عن طريق دعم الإخوان الذى اخرجهم من السجون لإستيعاب اليسار فى مصر كنوع من التوازن فكانوا مثل الأفعى شديدة السمية التى لدغت صاحبها.

لماذا روسيا هذه الأيام/

منذ ثورة 25 يناير كنا نريد استقلالية القرار فى مصر إلا ان مرتزقة الولايات المتحدة والمخابرات البريطانية (الإخوان) ركبوا على جثث الشهداء من الثوار المستقلين واستولوا على السلطة بترتيبات خليجية تركية امريكية – حيث كنا نريد لمصر ان تدخل فى القوى الكبيرة التى لم تتاثر بحروب امريكا التى خاضتها زورا وكذبا هى والناتو ضد ما يسمى كذبة “الإرهاب الذى ابتكروه” لتبرير تخريب العالم والتى تملك الطاقة وتملك احتياطيات مالية كبيرة والتى تتعامل معنا كشريك ليس كمتلقى لمعونات وكان منها بكل تأكيد روسيا والصين وايران وغيرها من بعض دول اوروبا كالدول الإسكندنيافية المستقلة عن اليورو ونيوزيلاند وربما كندا وبالتاكيد دول امريكا اللاتينية بالكامل وعلى راسها فنزويلا والبرازيل والأرجنتين وكوبا وشيلى والتى لها تجارب مشابهة مع مصر – وهى دول لا ترغب فى التدخل فى الشان الداخلى للدول مثل غيرها – إلا ان واتتنا فرصة 30 يونيو وايضا خسارة كل العصابات الإرهابية فى سوريا التابعة للإخوان والوهابية والقاعدة ومنها عصابة الحر وداعش والنصرة بفضل التعاون المخابراتى الروسى الإيرانى السورى والذى بفضله تمت اقالة كل من باتريوس مدير المخابرات السابق فى امريكا وكذلك هيلارى كلينتون وايضا فضيحة سنودن والتى كان للروس فضل كبير فيها وايضا حسم روسيا للوضع السورى من خلال مبادرة التخلص من السلاح الكيماوى السورى (إن وجد) لأن سوريا موقعة على اتفاقية الحظر منذ عام 1997 – ايضا الرد الروسى القوى من بوتين عندما لوحت امريكا بقرارها الفاشل بفرض عقوبات اقتصادية على مصر ومنع المعونة الأمريكية العسكرية – وقال للأمريكان صراحة إلا مصر – وايضا قال ان مصر من حقها الحصول على كل ما تريد عوضا عن هذه المعونة وخصوصا فى التسلح وقد كان بالزيارة الأخيرة من الوزيرين الخارجية والدفاع واتضح حاجة روسيا لأكبر شريك فى المنطقة واكبر دولة فى المنطقة ومحور ومفتاح لقارة افريقيا لأن لا زال تواجد الروس فى افريقيا محدود فى حين أن كل من الصين وتركيا وايران والهند والكيان الصهيونى لهم تواجد كبير فى افريقيا واتضح ذلك من مكالمة الرئيس الأخ العزيز فلاديمير بوتين من مكالمته اول امس مع الرئيس عدلى منصور – ولحاجة روسيا ايضا لتواجدها بالمتوسط كبعد جيواسترتيجى فى المياه الدافئة لعمل توازن بالمنطقة والعالم من حيث تعادل القوى وهذا افضل للعالم كله حتى لا يكون هناك انفراد بالقرار العالمى.

ما هى أوجه التعاون بين الجانبين/

يرجى العلم ان حجم التعاون التجارى الحالى بين مصر وروسيا يقدر بحوالى 3 مليار دولار وهذا مبلغ ضئيل جدا بالنسبة للتعاون بين دولتين كبار فى حجم مصر وروسيا

الجانب الأمنى والمخابراتى:
طبعا هناك جانب امنى ومخابراتى يرتبط بالجانبين فيمنا يتعلق بالحرب على الإرهاب المتمثل حاليا فى مطاردة الجيش للجماعات الإخوانية المسلحة والوهابية والقاعدة التى ادخلت عن طريق الإخوان وحماس بدعم خليجى للأسف وتركى وامريكى وايضا روسيا محاطة بجمهوريات الكومنولث الإسلامى وببعض دولها خلايا للأسف للقاعدة والإخوان والتى قامت بالتفجيرات مؤخرا داخل موسكو وفى ضواحيها من الشيشان وداغستان وغيرها وأيضا فى الشأن السورى والليبى من تهريب سلاح من حدود ليبيا وبالتالى لأن هناك تنظيم دولى للإخوان والقاعدة وهم فى حال تحالف فالتعاون المخابراتى والأمنى مطلوب لكسر شوكة هذا التيار الذى كان له اطماع عالمية وكان يعتمد على تركيا وقطر فى المنطقة لإشاعة الفوضى التى تنمو من خلالها الهيمنة الأمريكية وأعتقد ان ايران ستدخل بقوة داخل هذه الثنائية لعلاقتها القوية بروسيا ولحرب ايران ضد هذه التيارات وبدليل منع “إسماعيل هنية من دخول ايران لسوء تصرفات مخيم اليرموك وحماس داخل سوريا التى احتضنتهم سوريا 15 سنة فى حكم الأسد الأب والإبن ولضلوع حماس فى تخريب العلاقة بين ايران ومصر”.

الجانب الحربى:
تزويد الجيش المصرى ببعض الطائرات الجديدة وبعض قطع الدفاع الجوى والمروحيات المتطورة وهى من اكبر صفقات السلاح التى يمكن ان تحصل عليها من مصر من دولة اجنبية فى حجم روسيا الآن وبشروط ميسرة ولكنى لا اعتقد ان تدفع السعودية قيمة الصفقة لأن مواقف الروس والسعودية شديدة التنافر خصوصا فيما يتعلق بسوريا وإيران طبعا.

جانب الطاقة:
لماذا الطاقة لأن أى مستثمر فى الداخل او الخارج أهم النقاط التى تهمه هى عنصر الطاقة لأن الطاقة هى محرك الإستثمار الأول والإقتصاد وتوافر الطاقة احد أهم عناصر الجذب الإقتصادى.
اول مشروعات الطاقة التى يجب مناقشتها وتفعيلها بين الروس ومصر المشروع النووى المصرى بالضبعة وخصوصا للخبرة الروسية الكبيرة فى هذا المجال سواء داخل روسيا او خارجها ولهم خبرات كبيرة وعالية سابقا مع كل من الصين والهند وايران ودول اخرى اهمها حاليا كلا من بنجلاديش والأردن ولكن كما نعرف ان الروس دائما فى مثل هذه المشروعات يدخلون بالملف التنفيذى الفنى كمقاول منفذ لصاحب المشروع وبأفضل المواصفات وهم لهم سابقة اعمال جيدة مع المصريين تتمثل فى السد العالى ومجمع الألومنيوم ومصانع الحديد والصلب فى حلوان.
اما التمويل فبكل صراحة توجد جهة واحدة ووحيدة فقط هى التى يمكن ان تمول مصر وبافضل شروط وأنا اعرفها جيدا بعيدا عن الدخول فى جو مناقصات وخلافه لأن القوى الغربية والدول العربية فى اعتقادى لديهم رفض ضمنى ليكون عند مصر هذا المشروع والذى سيرفع مصر تقنيا وعلميا من مستوى لمستوى اخر تماما مثل ايران التى تتحدى العالم لما وصلت له من تقنيات نووية بفضل الروس وتوجد شركة “روس أتوم” المتميزة فى هذا المجال.
ويوجد ايضا تطوير المحطات الكهربائية الحالية وتحويلها من نظام المازوت الملوث للبيئة إلى نظام الغاز والروس والإيرانيين متقدمين جدا فى هذا المجال وهذا المشروع سيوفر ضعف الـ ثلاثمائة ميجا عجز فى الطاقة الكهربائية يمكن استغلالهم فى مجالات تنموية اخرى.
أيضا طاقة الميثان من القمامة والمخلفات البشرية ويوجد بالفعل شاب مصرى ابتكر البكتريا الفعالة التى تحول القمامة لأقصى قدر من الطاقة فى هذا الوقت فى العالم ويمكن التعاون معه وهذا كان مشروع لى فى 2010 قدم كإقتراح فى قمة عمالة الشباب بالسويد.

فى المجال الصناعى
هناك مجالات مهمة جدا صناعيا يمكن التعرف عليها مثلا كمجال السبائك الذى تطورت فيه روسيا بشكل كبير جدا ومكنها من انتاج افضل خطوط انابيب بترول فى العالم وحديد صلب يستغل فى الإنشاءات والبنية التحتية والذى فيه استغلت المصانع الحربية الروسية فشاركت فى الجانب المدنى بهذه السبائك المهمة والدليل خطوط نقل الغاز الروسية.

فى التعليم والتدريب والبحث العلمى
اعتقد ان التعليم الروسى حاليا من افضل واهم واجود انواع التعليم فى العالم وعليه بيرجى فتح الباب مرة اخرى بين برامج التبادل الطلابى والشبابى وبرامج تبادل الباحثين والدارسين والخبراء والجامعات والمعاهد البحثية واقامة ابحاث مشتركة والميزة فى الروس ان مجالات التعاون لا تقتصر فقط على المجالات التقنية والطبيعية بل تمتد ايضا للمجالات الأدبية والفنية مثلما كان يحدث فى الخمسينات والستينات والسبعينات من القرن الماضى فى كافة المجالات.

كذلك ابحاث الفضاء
والتى هى موضوع عالى الأهمية ويمكن من خلالها التعرف على خرائط مصر الجيولجية ومصادر المياه المحتملة ومصادر البترول والغاز الجديدة والمعادن الهامة التى تساعدنا فى التنمية والصناعة وكذلك استخدامها فى مجال الإتصالات والأمن.

فى مجال الزراعة والغذاء
اولا دعم مصر فى شراء القمح اللازم لتغطية العجز فى القمح المزروع حيث ان روسيا من اهم واكبر دول العالم المنتجة للقمح فى العالم ومن اجود الأنواع وأفضل من القمح الذى يأتينا من المعونة الأمريكية حتى لا نكون تحت رغبة امريكا ويمكن التعرف على الكيفية التى وصلوا بها لذلك وتوفير الميكنة اللازمة الحديثة التى يمكن استخدامها فى هذه الزراعة وافضل البذور التى يمكن تطويرها من خلال التعاون البحثى واستيراد الميكنة الزراعية الحديثة التى تيسر عمل المزارعين.

ايضا فى مجال الصيد
وهو مجال لم يتحدث عنه احد وللروس خبرات كبيرة بمجال الصيد وتطويره وزيادة الثروة السمكية تكون بديلا للمصريين عن اللحوم الحمراء فى حالة ارتفاع اسعارها فيمكنهم مثلا تطوير بحيرة ناصر والبحيرات المصرية وانشاء شركة صيد اسماك بمستوى محترم تنج السماك منها باسعار فى متناول المستهلك المصرى العادى والفقير.

ومن المجالات التى لم يتكلم فيها احد تطوير الموانى ووسائل النقل البحرى والسكك الحديدية
حيث ان اسطول النقل البحرى المصرى يتهاوى وتتضائل سفنه وبالتالى يتم الإستغناء عن كل الخبرات المصرية فى هذا المجال العالمى أو يتم استقطابهم فى اساطيل بحرية عربية او اجنبية دون التطوير وتتآكل خبراتنا فى اهم مجال نقل فى العالم وللروس باع طويل فى بناء السفن وتطوير طواقم البحارة واساطيلهم وسفنهم ملء السمع والبصر بالرغم من محدودية البحار التى يطلون عليها او بحار صغيرة كبحر قزوين والبحر الأسود وبالتالى لمساعدتنا ودعمنا لسفنهم بالبحر المتوسط يمكن ان نقوم بعمليات تطوير موانى مشتركة وتطوير للأسطول بما سيعود بالنفع على الجانبين وايضا فى مجال السكك الحديدة التى طورتها كل من روسيا وايران بشكل كبير واصبح لديهم خطوط سكك حديدية من افضل الشبكات فى العالم الأمر الذى جعل الرئيس بوتين من خلال قمة سان بطرسبرج الإقتصادية فى يونيو الماضى من التنويه عن مشروع سكك حديد سيبيريا والتى ستربط اوروبا باسيا من خلال السكك الحديد ولكن هذا المشروع ليس كما يتوقع البعض سيؤثر على قناة السويس لانه سيتطلب وقتا فى التنفيذ ولأن الطاقة الإستيعابية لأى قطار لا تنافس النقل البحرى واسعاره التفضيلية الا انه سيعود بالنفع الكبير على روسيا طبعا وهذا طموح اقتصادى مقبول من الرئيس بوتين فى هذه الفكرة وعليه ايضا يمكن للروس ان يطوروا سكك الحديد المصرية واقامة مصنع مشترك لتصنيع القاطرات ووحداتها طبقا للمواصفات العالمية كما هو موجود فى روسيا وايران حاليا حيث تستخدم فى تصنيعها السبائك الجديدة التى نوهنا عنها وطورتها المصانع الحربية الروسية.

الفنون والثقافة
اتمنى ان تعود عروض البلشوى الروسى مرة اخرة لمصر من خلال دار الأوبرا وكما ارى ان كثير من فرق المسرح فى اوروبا وامريكا تتسابق على التعاون مع الروس فى المسرح والباليه والرقص لوجود دعم روسى مالى وفنى كبير فى هذا المجال وهذا بدوره يدر دخل على المؤسسات الثقافية المصرية والفنانين المصريين لوجود قطاع عريض من الشعب المصرى يحب هذه الفنون الرفيعة – ايضا دعوة مصر من خلال معارض الكتاب والمعارض الفنية ومهرجانات السينما الروسية الكبيرة وبالمثل من الجانب المصرى كما كانت العلاقة بيننا فى العهد الناصرى وقبل رحيل المخلوع مبارك – جدير بالذكر ان روسيا وايران والصين دول طبيعتها شرقية لذا فهى قريبة منا فى العادات والسلوك ولها تجارب ثقافية وحضارية محترمة.

اما من الجانب السياسى والجيواستراتيجى
روسيا حاليا هى مفتاح الملف السورى فى الشرق الأوسط وبوتين حصل بكل جدارة على افضل رئيس عام 2013 بلا منافس لإختلاف سياسات بوتين داخليا وخارجيا عن ميدفيدف الأضعف بكثير – روسيا الدولة الأولى فى العالم فى تصدير النفط والغاز متفوقة على كل من السعودية وايران وقطر وليس هذا فقط بل تصنيعه وتصفيته ايضا وتكريره – فروسيا هى الدولة التى يمكن ان تستانف العلاقات الودية بين العالم العربى وايران فى الوقت الحالى للعلاقة القوية والشراكة ما بين روسيا وايران وخصوصا مع وجود رئيس ايرانى جديد وذلك مع وجود وزير الخارجية الثعلب الكبير “لافروف” وبالتالى يتم التخلص من عبء التسلح والتوتر والحرب الباردة الإيرانية الخليجية كون ايران اقوى دولة سواء على الخليج وفى جنوب جزيرة العرب وصولا لحدود افريقيا وبحرى عمان وخليج عدن – فروسيا كما ستحل المشكلة السورية من خلال حل سلمى سياسى سواء عن طريق جنيف 2 او غيرها كما هو جارى وحفظوا ماء وجه أمريكا – هى الدولة الوحيدة ويمكن بالتعاون مع الصين ان تحل التوتر العربى الإيرانى فى ظل ما يسمى “أمن الخليج” وهذا الموضوع ايضا لم يتم طرحه من قبل الوفود المصرية ولا فى القمة العربية الإفريقية فى الكويت.

أحمد مصطفى – باحث اقتصادى سياسى

Ahmed Moustafa: Violations against Shia Minorities

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Presented by:-

Ahmed Moustafa

Member of Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (www.codesria.org)

Member of Alexandria International Arbitration Center & Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods

(www.aiacadrs.net)

Socio-economic Specialist/Researcher/

Legal Translator, Human Rights Activist/Blogger/Youth Trainer

International Law Association (ILA) Coordinator in Egypt

Mob/Cell: 002-0100-9229411

Email: solimon2244@yahoo.com

Solimon146@hotmail.com

URL: https://intellecto.wordpress.com

http://www.proz.com/profile/1104929

https://www.facebook.com/solimon.solimon

 

Abstract

 

Frankly speaking, I do not know what supposed to be said in this time being when we have international organizations, universities, research centers, media, places for worship and schools, all made to build the good human being and raise perceptual and cognitive development of him/her, and despite all such institutions and this amazing scientific research, which made the human reached and made him flying and landing on the moon and make a big discovery of the secrets of the universe, as well as nanotechnology and the revolution of communication that made two friends from different continents can chat together live with camera, all of this accumulation of civilization supposed to connect and unite the peoples worldwide, however, as much as civilization accumulated, as much as unfortunately the humanitarian hostility and hating are growing between peoples, whether based on sex, on color or the worst one on the ethnicity and religion.

 

It is worthy to be said that the west created the sectarian dispute, when USA felt in 1970s that it is the supreme power worldwide, when such matter was parallel with the Egyptian and Syrian victory on Israel in 1973, USA for the first time defused the Lebanese sectarian dispute (planned by Kissinger) to protect Israel from any regional war, which extended since 1976 until 1991 and this case incurred Lebanon US$ 15 Billion, it was the first time to hear according to the sect, this is Sunni, this is Shia, this is Maroni and this Druze, in this paper I shall highlight the matter of segregation against Shia minorities in the world that escalated recently, through the introduction and the objectives of this paper, giving comparative cases in several states and how the west use the fear of Shia in achieving its targets in our Arabic and Islamic world, finally give some conclusions that may lead us to better future based on humanitarian diversity, mutual respect and acceptance.

 

The objective:-

 

To measure and to monitor how much Shia sect is accepted worldwide and how much they are safe and empowered with the other Muslim sects in society, as well as how much Sh ia participated actively in the human development worldwide through one of the projects that adopted be the United Nations based on the Idea of the Ex-President of Iran Syed/ Mohamed Khatami “the Dialogue between Civilizations” as a response to what Huntington and Fokuyama mentioned in their writings “the Clash between Civilization” the subject that matching with the real virtues of Islam, disseminating the peace. Also to show how much a Muslim state with a majority of Shia, represented in Iran, is competing with the giant states in the world and present a model in arts, scientific research and the empowerment of woman, the matter to which most of the states worldwide are suffering from the lack of empowerment of woman.

 

Definitions:-

 

·       Shia: It means a Muslim sect that composed of the people who love and follow Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) the prophet of Islam, adore and respect his holly family members and their immaculate offspring (who called “Aal–Albeit”) until now, whereas the holly family of Aal-Albeit was consisting of this holly daughter Syedah/ Fatimah Al-Zahraa, one of the best 4 women in paradise, and her husband Syed/ Ali Ibn Abi Taleb the cousin of Prophet Mohamed, the first boy, who believed in him as a prophet of Islam, and also he was his luckiest cousin, who reared and grown in his house, as well as a good warrior/gladiator in the most important battles against Islam, a perfect wise judge has a lot of maxims and adages in the history, in addition, the 4th Caliph of Muslims after the death of his cousin Prophet Mohamed.

 

·       Al-Hussein: the son of both Syedah/ Fatimah Al-Zahraa, and her husband Syed/ Ali Ibn Abi Taleb the cousin of Prophet Mohamed, who killed and was the martyr of justice in Karpalaa, Iraq, as he was fighting the corruption of Caliph Moaweyah Ibn Abi Soufiane when he wanted to inherit the ruling to his son Yazid to be his successor as a new caliph without submitting to the principle of Shoura/the circulation of decision among the wise people and sheikhs to select and approve the new caliph, which was made since the existence of prophet Mohamed and that represents the indirect presidential elections in this time being, therefore, Hussein is considered the first rebel in the history, when he frankly refused the inheritance of ruling as a kind of political corruption and from such time he is a the best model for shia worldwide.

 

·       The Husseineyah: the place where the Shia practicing their worships and prayers, as well as has a big role in developing the culture and the awareness of Shia and their followers.     

 

The reasons of hating Shia:-

 

·       External Reason: American pressures since the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979 and dismissing the US diplomatic commission from their embassy in Tehran after the American attack to breakthrough the embassy in Tehran to release its staff, because the new regime of Syed Ayat Allah Khomeini was against the US interference, not like the ex-regime of the Shah who was with US interference in Iranian policy and dependency on USA as Iran was a part of Baghdad Pact. Therefore when the model of the sectarian dispute succeeded in Lebanon that made by Kissinger the US Secretary of Foreign Affairs from 1975 to protect Israel from any regional war, accordingly USA made its strategy with the Iranian case based on a double impact, growing the sectarian dispute between Shia represented in Iran and Sunna represented in GCC states by pressures on the regimes of GCC states, despite such states including a lot of Shia, and some of them may be Shia sect representing the bigger slice of the population e.g. Bahrain, as well as pushing the Iraqi regime to involve in a war against Iran also to get rid of two important Islamic powers and armies (Iranian and Iraqi Ones).

·       Media Impact: Media is very important element and tool whether to praise or to deform anything, therefore USA and GCC media have agreed to use non-objective and irrational media against Iran indirectly by using this sectarian dispute against Shia by highlighting that in Shia sect Sheikhs/clergy men and Syeds insult the companions of Prophet Mohamed, as well as the mothers of Muslim believers some of the wives of Prophet Mohamed especially Lady/Aisha and Lady/ Hafsah, the matter that made the majority of Sunna peoples feel hostility towards Shia, not only that but also, it was for the favor of the regimes and royal families of the GCC states, because it made their people forget their fundamental rights, as well as Iran is trying to disseminate Shia sect in the whole Arab world maliciously, which is untrue, despite Iran in the last year had about US$ 40 Billions of mutual trade, investments and business with GCC states.

·       Moral Impact: Also the Sunna sheikhs defused maliciously among the crowds of Sunna that Shia always practicing the Enjoyment/Motaa marriage; which is not illicit, because some Imams permitted it and some not, because it is similar to the ordinary marriage, however it is a marriage with a determined period of time; however the clergy men of Sunna specially the Wahhabis and the Salafis adopted by GCC states alleged that is immoral marriage based on exchanging wives and not respecting the codes and terms of the right marriage, which is untrue at all.                           

        

Giving comparative cases of the situations of Shia regionally and internationally:-

 

·       Egypt & Syria

By reviewing some figures, the number of Shia in Egypt is about 2 millions distributed on Lower and Upper Egypt, most of them adopting Gaafari doctrine, which has been approved by Sheikh Al-Azhar (Mr. Shaltout) since 1950s, the shia were surviving without problems till the time of the ex-regime of Mubarak and the current regime of Brotherhood, despite the relationship with Iran is resumed since the success of our revolution. As all know that Egypt is the scale holder in Arab and Islamic world, therefore when something occurred in or to Egypt its impact will be unlimited and extends to the other states in the region, therefore the other peoples in the area in all of Libya, Yemen and Bahrain inspired by the Egyptian revolution, and one of them was the Syrian people, however there were several mistakes in the Syrian uprising (not a revolution) we will not discuss it now, however when the official Syrian army made a remarkable and tangible progress and in few time will extend its control in all the Syrian region, as well as the near fall of the Justice and Development in Turkey, the Russian control on the Syrian situation, US wanted to find a quick substitute in the area, they found only Egypt and GCC, accordingly in 3 consecutive days there was escalation against Shia and Syria as Bashar the president is belonging to Alawies (Shia Doctrine) the regime in Egypt used Salafis and Wahabis to call for Jehad in Syria in mosques, as well as the adhoc statement of the Egyptian regime to boycott the relations with Syria immediately, consequentially some fanatics in Abu Al-Nomros (a small village in Giza), Egypt proceeded to the house of a Shie simple and innocent Hassan Shehata and killed him with other 3 innocent Shia in his house and then distorted their corpses with the silence of the existed police troops at the scene of the incident.

In addition the Shia in Egypt were deprived from having their Husseineyas, deprived from having their own ceremonies, having their own NGOs including clubs, political parties and association, they were merged with Suffies all the time especially in Upper-Egypt, they were all the time arrested or under arrest by the state security, and also were occurred and exposed all times to deformation, gossips and direct insult from the ordinary people who do not know their sect well.    

 

·       Bahrain

In Bahrain the situation is different, Shia represents about 65% of the population, we remember that in 1971, the whole islands had the choice whether to be a part of Iran, like Ahwaz the Arabs of Iran or to be an Arab kingdom, they preferred to be Arab kingdom under the ruling of Khalaf’s Royal Family, since 2001 they claimed and requested to transform the state to a constitutional kingdom like UK, because despite they are the majority in population there is no equality whether in their representation or in the state’s higher posts like Judiciary, whereas Shia in Bahrain having a substitute represented in strong NGOs, therefore they are very well organized, after the success of our peaceful revolution of Jan 25th, they were very energetic to do something similar and peaceful, therefore they decided on the end of Feb 2011 to set and protest in Dawar Loaloaa Square in Manama as the biggest square in Bahrain, which is similar to what was succeeded in Tahrir in Egypt, however the regime used arbitrary and abusively the AlJazeera Army in this matter to demolish this peaceful revolution and protests of the peaceful rebels, you cannot imagine  how much is the demolition occurred to Bahrain accordingly, not only that, most of the rebels and opposition in Bahrain that is not limited to Shia but including all other streams even some of the Sunna there, who disagree with the acts of the regime are tarnished and defamed always that their loyalty belongs to Iran, despite they are insisting that they are Arabs. Kindly know that all such matter was mentioned in the delegate of UNHRC’s report that called (Bassiouny’s Report).

 

·       Yemen

Also in Yemen, whereas the military interference of both KSA and USA against the people of southern Yemen (Houtheyeen) as they have a good relation with Iran and some of them belong to Shia, who are not agreeing with the Yemeni resolution after a strong peaceful revolution, and USA is always until now using the KSA southern borders to attack the southern Yemeni by automatic aerodromes and still killing innocent citizens there, not for the favor of Yemen but for the favor and the interest of both USA and KSA.

 

·       Pakistan & Iraq

A lot of Shia are being killed every day for the sectarian dispute that has been grown by the US since the existence of Al-Qaeda and afterwards Taliban, whereas both of them are fanatic and accepting and respecting the others despite Shia are Muslims, the situation of Shia in Pakistan very similar to the situation in Iraq, when we hear every week a very big explosion in Iraq always in the places of Shia and Husseinyas and such security catastrophe was the consequence of the US invasion since 2003, that grown the sectarian disputes among the sects and grown the mercenary and assassins business in Iraq to guarantee and warrant its existence for a very long time there to control the oil and gas big reservoir in Iraq.

 

·       Belgium

The last year in Brussels some Wahabies and Takfeeries exploded a Shia mosque and such attack or ballast caused several killed and injured victims from Shia inside such mosque, based on deformed information leaked to the conspirators who made such ballast.

 

Finally, we concise that such attacks against Shia minority are belonging to political clashes in between US and Iran, because Iran is an independent state and does not want to yield to USA and going on its Nuclear Project according to NPT treaty, therefore, USA used a strategy of pushing GCC states to attack Iran by proxy indirectly through attacking Shia and grow fanatics and terrorists worldwide to attack Shia to sustain the status of the sectarian dispute/No War No Peace, to keep control on the regimes, as well as the wealth of the Arab world and finally to keep the stability and the peace of its ally “Israel”.      

 

Conclusions:-

 

–         We have to keep the initiative of Syed/ Mohamed Khatemi “the former Iranian president” The Dialogue Between Civilizations, but it should include more categories of people represented in youth and clergy people of all religions and sects and should be adopted everywhere annually to fight fanaticism, sectarian dispute and hostility and elaborating applicable methods to fight such phenomena by the united nations, we know that there is some trials, however, it reaches only elites not more.

–         USA should be persuaded that it is not anymore the supreme power worldwide, and its anticipated wars against the illusion that called terrorism made the whole world suffering economically, because it spent in Afghanistan attacks and Iraqi War about US$ 12 Trillion (US$ 300000/Minute), therefore USA cannot be anymore the supreme power worldwide, and USA has to adopt a conference between Iran and the Arab States for settling the current situation based on the security of the gulf, despite the normal diplomatic relations with Iran and big business and investments between the two sides that reached US$ 40 Billion.

–         USA has to recognize the right of Iran in the peaceful use of the nuclear power of Iran according to NPT, as well as obliging Israel to ratify such treaty, not only that but also, obliging Israel to allow IAEA committee to inspect its nuclear reactors to verify whether Israel producing Mass Destruction Weapons or not.

Kindest regards,

 

Ahmed Moustafa

Economic & Political Researcher        

 

Ahmed Moustafa: the Corruption of IMF & WB and its negative impact on Egypt

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image

The Corruption of the International Institutions

IMF & WB

 

Prepared by:

 

Ahmed Moustafa

Socio-economic Specialist/Researcher/Legal Translator at (www.eldibadvocates.com)

Human Rights Activist/Blogger/Youth Trainer

International Law Association (ILA) Coordinator in Egypt

Work Tel: 002-03-4950000

Mob/Cell: 002-010-9229411

Email: solimon2244@yahoo.com

            Solimon146@hotmail.com

URL: https://intellecto.wordpress.com

URL: http://www.proz.com/profile/1104929

URL: http://www.facebook.com/reqs.php#/profile.php?id=587381054&ref=name


An Abstract

 

Corruption it is the misuse of entrusted power for private gain. The cost of corruption is four-fold: political, economic, social, and environmental. Whereas International Institutions like International Monetary Fund and World Bank is vulnerable to corruption for the following reasons: the hegemony of US in the world and control thereto on it, US$ dominance and unjustified reserves thereto, elaborating Ad-hoc planning and researches whereas its state has its own economic and political circumstances, issuing reports contradicting with the other international reports, losing control on money leakage whether in developed, developing or underdeveloped countries that are being addressed to corruption or laundry. Therefore, we will see here-after through this paper, with using the comparative methodology to compare in between several cases, how much such reasons affect negatively on Egypt as one of the developing countries and also as a case study here-in, accordingly, through definitions, the importance of the research and the objective thereof, diagnosing the reasons of such problem and finally trying to find proper solutions that may be used by any state to fight such corruption and providing better future for the coming generations in any country.

 

 


Definitions:-

 

What is corruption?

 

According to Transparency International (TI) definition of corruption, it is the misuse of entrusted power for private gain. TI further differentiates between “according to rule” corruption and “against the rule” corruption. When a bribe is paid to receive preferential treatment for something that the bribe receiver is required to do by law, constitute the former. The latter is the case when a bribe paid to obtain services the bribe receiver is prohibited from providing. [1]

 

What are the costs of corruption?

The cost of corruption is four-fold: political, economic, social and environmental losses

 

Background about the relationship between World Bank and Egypt:-

 

Egypt joined the World Bank in 1945. Since then, the focus of World Bank Assistance has been to foster sustainable economic growth and reduce poverty in the country. 

 

World Bank Country Assistance Strategy (CAS):

 

In June 2005, the World Bank adopted its new Country Assistance Strategy for Egypt covering the period 2005 – 2008.  Developed in close partnership with the Government of Egypt, the CAS focuses on areas where the Bank’s contribution will achieve results, such as improving the investment climate and enhancing economic, social and financial reforms. The Government of Egypt spelled out a long term vision of development which includes the twin goals of achieving high and sustainable growth and the alleviation of poverty and income disparity. Its five-year national development plan seeks to achieve growth by making more use of the private sector as a catalyst for development, as well as changing the role of the government in managing the economy.

 

In response to these national goals, the current CAS is aimed at supporting three key development objectives — facilitating private sector development, enhancing the provision of public services, and promoting equity. To achieve these objectives, the strategy proposes a “results-based” financial assistance program in the range of about $2-2.8 billion dollars in support of enhancements in infrastructure, education, poverty alleviation, financial sector reforms combined with the Bank’s non-lending technical assistance, analytical and advisory services bringing world-wide experience and which focus on a variety of areas underpinning the reform program including poverty alleviation-targeted reforms.

September 2009 – Egypt is among the world’s 10 most active reformers for the fourth time. The country moved up to 106 from 116 among 183 economies worldwide in the overall ease of doing business ranking.

 

According to the recently released report by IFC and the World Bank “Doing Business 2010: Reforming through Difficult Times”, Egypt is Among the World’s 10 Most Active Reformers for the Fourth Time and made business start-up less costly, expedited the construction permit process, expanded the information available from the private credit bureau, and created commercial courts to speed up contract dispute settlements.

 

Egypt’s MDGs Country’s Report:

 

Egypt was one of 188 countries which embraced the MDGs and agreed to strive to meet these goals by 2015. In June 2002 the United Nations unveiled the first report on Egypt’s progress towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals, which was followed by the second and third reports in 2004 and 2005 respectively. Although the two reports indicated that Egypt remains on the right track to achieve the majority of MDG indicators, they also exposed the emergence of worrying gaps in income levels and living standards between Lower/Northern and Upper Egypt.

 

The MDG Reports show that the overall percentage of poor Egyptians will decrease from 25% in 1990 to 13% in 2015. However, they also show that while poverty in urban areas of Lower Egypt is expected to go down to 6%, the urban poor of Upper Egypt are actually expected to rise to 39% by 2015. The figures are just as stark for rural areas of the country – with poverty disappearing from the rural governorates of Lower Egypt but increasing to 38% in Upper Egypt in 2015. The Reports also demonstrate how poverty especially affects female-headed households which count for 20 % of total households. And while overall incomes in Egypt have increased from US$ 639 in 1990 to $US 1,390 in 1999, 40% of the poor only receive 22% of nation’s wealth.

 

The reports show that the Egyptian government continued to give attention to critical areas of development, such as health, education, access to water and sanitation as well as improving the livelihoods of the most deprived segments of the population. However, the pace of progress varies among the goals: fast and sustained in some areas (child and maternal mortality, water and sanitation), at acceptable levels for others (education and poverty reduction), while somewhat slowly in others (women empowerment and the environment).

 

In addition, Egypt will have to increase its efforts and investments in order to keep the current rate of progress with respect to some specific indicators (in the area of poverty, mortality rates, and combating major diseases). The third MDG report for Egypt (Egypt MDG Midpoint Assessment) was released in 2008.

 

 


Objectives:-

The objectives of this paper to make the economic researchers answer the following questions, as it is hard and difficult to indict and condemn any international financial institution after being tarnished with corruption and was a big reason to corrupt Egypt for example:-

 

1-      Is that possible to elaborate a monitoring and control system on the international institutions especially WB and IMF?

2-      Are big countries like USA and EU would accept such monitoring procedures and shall leave developing and under-developing countries to be a part of this tool whether Egypt or any other country?

3-      Are international institutions transparent enough, or need more pressure from the new international powers to yield to this request?

 

Does the Corruption of International institutions have an impact on the developing and under-developing countries?

 

In order to answer such problematic questions, the following reasons should be tackled:-

 

  • Hegemony of US worldwide and control thereto on International Institutions:

 

Without any doubt USA still controlling over most of the international organizations worldwide, especially UN and subsidiary institutions especially the World Bank (WB) and International Monetary Fund (IMF), in addition to some programs like United Nations Development Program (UNDP) who are responsible for creating and carrying out economic reform plans for both developing and under developing countries whereby Egypt is belonging to.

 

However, USA not anymore the economic model that should be followed according to their economic deficit and default to repair the bankruptcy of several giant industrial and financial groups and banks (e.g. Leman Broz, City Group, General Motors etc…) resulted by the uncontrolled credit system, the big corruption that occurred especially at the time of G.W. Bush in such sectors. In addition, the extreme liberal economic system that based on pragmatism without the appropriate existence of ethics and codes of social orientation.

 

Paul Wolfowitz’s appointment was also controversial, due to his influential role in architecting the US invasion of Iraq. A former member of staff at the World Bank also noted concerns of cronyism related to Wolfowitz’s appointment way before the scandal that forced him to resign.[2] The US nominee for the next president is the former US Trade Representative and currently an executive at Goldman Sachs, Robert Zoellick.

 

His nomination is also coming under criticism. Bush supports it, saying Zoellick “is the right man to succeed Paul in this vital work.” Former World Bank chief economist, and Nobel Prize winner for economics, Joseph Stiglitz feels that instead of a political appointee, it would be better to get an economist who understands development.[3]

 

As also reported by the BBC, Paul Zeitz, executive director of the Global AIDS Alliance, said that he thought Mr Zoellick was a terrible choice because “Zoellick has no significant experience in economic development in poor countries,” and that “he has been a close friend to the brand-name pharmaceutical industry, and the bilateral trade agreements he has negotiated [for the US] effectively block access to generic medication for millions of people.”[4]

 

  • US$ Dominance and unjustified reserves thereto:

 

At the heart of the problem is the US dollar-dominated international currency reserve-system. The accumulation of extensive foreign exchange reserves by some emerging market economies (China in particular) and excessive consumption by others (the United States in particular) are responsible for large and unsustainable global imbalances. [5]

 

US economic system and the international institutions represented in WB and IMF made some countries declaring its insolvency and bankruptcy, whereas the severe example was Iceland in 2008. Moreover, Greece 2010 and we expect more European states represented in Portugal, Spain and Ireland. And it was just as a result of adhering their economic systems to the American one.

 

Therefore, building up vast currency reserves has an opportunity cost: it diverts resources that could otherwise be used for productive investments in the real economy, exerts deflationary pressures on economies and generates monetary instability. This may be a price that countries are willing to pay, opting for regional initiatives in the absence of more systemic global solutions that work for them. As the past three decades have demonstrated, however, crises are intrinsic to a globalized economy, not exceptions to be treated on an ad hoc basis.

 

If you ask an official at the Central Bank of Egypt or at Ministry of Finance, he/she will be cheerful and answering that we have a reserve amounted to about US$ 34,5 billion[6], however, what is the feasibility of freezing a big amount like this without being used in real economic activity: Industry, Agriculture, Service or Trade. 

 

  • WB Elaborates Ad-hoc Development Plans and Researches:

 

There is much talk of transparency and participation, but the crunch comes in final negotiations between ministers and World Bank and IMF civil servants. The country manager can say to the Prime Minister, “unless you accept condition X, I will not submit this program to the board”. No agreed program means a sudden halt to essential aid and no debt relief, so few ministers are prepared to hold out. Instead Prime Ministers and presidents bow to the diktat of foreign civil servants. It is also noted that “reforms often bring advantages to some groups while disadvantaging others,” and one of the problems with policies agreed in secret is that a governing elite may accept an imposed policy which does not harm the elite but harms others. An example is the elimination of food subsidies. Whereas Hanlon and Pettifor, Christian Aid partners (a coalition of development organizations), argued that top-down “conditionality has undermined democracy by making elected governments accountable to Washington-based institutions instead of to their own people.” The potential for unaccountability and corruption therefore increases as well.[7]

 

Why WB did not propose a parallel developing plan for such alleged loser insolvent Egyptian Public Sector Companies instead of ad-hoc privatization and sale thereof?

 

Bearing in mind that ad-hoc sale and privatization of the Egyptian Public Sector Companies made the Egyptian people lose at least EGP 450 Billion, because the sale was done against only EGP 50 Billion, whereas the corrupted commissions thereof was about EGP 33 Billion, without exerting due diligence from the side of the world bank in this regard.[8]

  

Structural adjustment programs imposed by WB to lift the governmental subsidies in addition to leave the everything occurred to the free market mechanism (severe capitalism) without imposing a mechanism of control over this market e.g. urging the Egyptian government to affect free competition and consumer protections laws, made the rich monopolist people richer and the poor people poorer, whereas such phenomenon is very evident not just in Egypt but in all of Middle East & North Africa region. (Even Euro-Med Partnership faced the same destiny)

 

  • Contradiction of International Reports:

 

The reports that issued each year about the economic growth showing contradicted results sometime alleging that Egypt is running in the right track of economic reform and achieved a reputable growth (such assumed growth is intangible for no reasons).

 

Sometimes not, however we notice that when we adopt the World Economic Forum (Rich People Summit) here in Sharm El-Sheikh and spending about (EGP 100 Million) each time, WB issues good reports about us!!!!!!!!!.

 

However, a respected organization as International Transparency showing annual logical figures ascertaining that our area including Egypt (Rank No. 115 according to the latest statistics) still near to the bottom of their Classification/List. Furthermore, another factor ascertaining that assumption represented in that our universities still away from being in the best 500 universities worldwide including American Universities existing here, in addition to Cairo and Alexandria Universities.

 

Also the quality of life indicators showing figures similar to the above mentioned information about us.[9]

 

  • Indebtedness & Money Leakage:

 

Much of the debt burden of developing countries including Egypt has arisen through irresponsible lending practices. In the context of the current crisis, countries are in debt due to a crisis they didn’t cause — and there is an urgent need to assess and cancel these odious debts. Indeed, governments and civil society organizations are conducting audits to identify these debts. In the longer term, a renewed debt cancellation initiative should ensure future lending is responsible and transparent, and establish a fair, transparent and sovereign debt restructuring mechanism.

 

Over $600 billion, or nearly three times the current levels of external debt of sub-Saharan Africa, has leaked from the continent in illicit financial flows since 1975. 20 Global Financial Integrity estimates that globally US$500-800 billion of illicit flows exit developing and transitional economies every year. The Tax Justice Network has estimated that “wealthy individuals hold $11.5 trillion offshore in secrecy jurisdictions”. Furthermore, Christian Aid estimates that developing countries including Egypt lose around $160 billion each year in tax revenue as a result of secrecy jurisdictions — more than 30 percent higher than the amount of aid given by northern donors in 2008.

 

While the G20 has begun to address the issue of tax havens, the UN Commission of Experts on the Financial and Monetary System has noted the G20’s approach through the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has led to, “discriminatory targeting of small international financial centers in developing countries while a blind eye is turned to lax rules in developed economies.”

 

In fact, the Commission notes that, “the principal sources of tax evasion, tax secrecy, money laundering, and regulatory arbitrage [are] located in developed countries’ on-shore banking systems, such as Delaware in the United States and the City of London.[10]

 

Comparative cases of WB corruption:-

 

Perhaps the figures of WB corruption in Egypt not yet disclosed, however there is another examples and figures for such corruption in similar cases in our continent were published by some former officials of WB e.g. Steve Berkman in his book the World Bank and the Gods of Lending that published in June 2008.

 

Berkman reports how Nigerian officials charged $2,200 for 18 cups of tea and snacks at a roadside stall under a World Bank loan (and got away with it). A project office with eight staff in the same country charged a switchboard for 60 telephones, 48 air conditioners, 14 shredders and 12 refrigerators to the operating expenses of another Bank project – all at prices well above the going market rates. They also claimed expenses for television and video sets at 249,999 Naira apiece – more than ten times the equipment’s street value, but just one Naira less than the amount which triggers stricter controls.

 

In a gripping chapter, Steve Berkman takes us on a trip to The Gambia, a poor West-African country. We travel there to investigate suspicions of corruption in a $12.3 million agricultural services project in 1998. The very first payment under the project was for four Japanese cars – a transfer of $95,700 in Danish kroner to a bank account on the Bahamas. The cars are nowhere to be found, and the company which supposedly sold them doesn’t exist. When the ministry responsible for the project finally provides the serial numbers of the cars in question, the Nissan corporation states that such cars were never produced.[11]

 

 

Conclusions:-

 

  1. Finally, it summarizes a number of policy measures for international tax cooperation that address capital flight, including the following:
  2. Adopting automatic information exchange procedures along the model adopted by the European Union;
  3. Promoting country-by-country reporting on accounts by multinational companies;
  4. Ensuring alternative sustainable development paths for jurisdictions that have become dependent on financial secrecy; and
  5. Giving countries the space to set their own domestic fiscal policy and supporting stronger tax authorities in developing countries.
  6. A two-year moratorium on all external debt service payments of developing countries including Egypt, for example, would free up additional resources in the amount of US$30.5 billion annually for 64 of the world’s most indebted countries. This would be an effective way to release extra funds for critical social investment, while ensuring no additional debt would be incurred.

 

  1. Accordingly, I wonder why Americans handing over the Board of Directors (B.O.D) of such institutions whereas they were unable to solve their domestic severe economic crises? Why not new strong promising economies as China, Brazil, India, Asian Tigers and Turkey having bigger quotas in the quorum of (B.O.D) of such institutes? Why the developing countries also did not obtain the appropriate representation quota in such (B.O.D) of those institutes?

 

  1. World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Security Council have to be reformed according to the global hurricane of change that taking place worldwide now, because they are not credible and not able anymore to lead the world solely. However, we have to claim and push big countries to yield to our requests and such pressures shall never be existed without Arab-Arab Alliance, Arab-Afro Alliance and South-South Alliance and cooperation.

 

Bibliography:

 

1-      http://www.transparency.am/corruption.php#q1

 

2-      Fifteen years is Enough – what’s changed in the international financial system and its institutions, what hasn’t and what needs to – Halifax Initiative Coalition – March 2010

 

3-       Mohamed Hakki “Wolfowit’s at World Bank”, Counterpunch – March 2006

4-       US to replace Wolfowit’s swiftly – BBC May 18, 2007

5-       US nominates new World Bank Chief – BBC May 30, 2007

6-       Fifteen years is Enough – what’s changed in the international financial system and its institutions, what hasn’t and what needs to – Halifax Initiative Coalition – March 2010

7-       (1,7%) increase in the Egyptian Monetary Reservoir at the Central Bank of Egypt – May 3, 2010 http://www.currency-price.com/133

8-       Joseph Hanlon and Ann Pettifor, Kicking the Habit; Finding a lasting solution to addictive lending and borrowing—and its corrupting side-effects, Jubilee Research, March 2000

9-       Privatization program in Egypt is being transferred into a scandal – Fact International Studies Center Aug 22, 2007

10-   http://www.mercer.com/qualityoflivingpr#Mid_East_and_Africa

11-   Fifteen years is Enough – what’s changed in the international financial system and its institutions, what hasn’t and what needs to – Halifax Initiative Coalition – March 2010

12-   The World Bank and the Gods of Lending – Steve Berkman – June 2008


[2] Mohamed Hakki “Wolfowit’s at World Bank”, Counterpunch – March 2006

[3] US to replace Wolfowit’s swiftly – BBC May 18, 2007

[4] US nominates new World Bank Chief – BBC May 30, 2007

[5] Fifteen years is Enough – what’s changed in the international financial system and its institutions, what hasn’t and what needs to – Halifax Initiative Coalition – March 2010

[6] (1,7%) increase in the Egyptian Monetary Reservoir at the Central Bank of Egypt – May 3, 2010 http://www.currency-price.com/133

[8] Privatization program in Egypt is being transferred into a scandal – Fact International Studies Center Aug 22, 2007

[10]  Fifteen years is Enough – what’s changed in the international financial system and its institutions, what hasn’t and what needs to – Halifax Initiative Coalition – March 2010

[11] The World Bank and the Gods of Lending – Steve Berkman – June 2008Image

Doha 12th Forum & Enriching the Middle East’s Economic Future By: Ahmed Moustafa

منتدى الدوحة الثانى عشر

وإثراء المستقبل الإقتصادى للشرق الأوسط

Doha 12th Forum &

Enriching the Middle East’s Economic Future

للمرة الثانية أتكلم عن الكرم والحفاوة وحسن التنظيم المعهود والذى رأيته على مدار ثلاث مرات سابقة حضرت للمشاركة فى فعاليات فى دولة قطر منها منتدى الدوحة الحادى عشر العام الماضى وكذلك على نفس الدرب وأكثر هذا العام وهى فعلا نوع من المتعة لمن يحالفه الحظ ويحضر هذا المنتدى الرائع والذى حتى لو إختلفنا مع جو الجلسات أو نتتقدها، فلا يمكن أن نختلف على الإستمتاع وتوفير كافة سبل الراحة للسادة الحضور من كافة أنحاء العالم وهذا هو عهدنا بقطر فى هذا الإطار وعليه فإننا نشكر دولة قطر حكومة وشعبا متمثلة فى حضرة صاحب السمو الشيخ/ حمد بن خليفة آل ثانى – أمير دولة قطر، ومعالى الشيخ/ حمد بن جاسم آل جبر آل ثانى – رئيس الوزراء ووزير الخارجية والشيخ/ أحمد بن محمد بن جبر آل ثانى – مدير المنتدى وأخيرا وليس آخراً سيادة السفير/ عبد الله فخرو – رئيس اللجنة المنظمة.

For the second time, talking about the generosity and usual good organization I saw over the past three times I visited the State of Qatar to participate in events, one of which was Doha 11th Forum in the last year, and such top qualities still existed and more this year, which is considered a part of entertainment and fun for lucky persons who are invited to attend such distinguished forum, to which we may disagree with the ambiance of sessions thereto or criticize it, however we agree on entertainment and offering all facilities of relaxation for all the invited attendees from all over the world, and this exactly what we used to feel in Qatar, accordingly we address our gratitude and thanks to the State of Qatar (Government & People) represented in his Highness Sheikh/ Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani – the Prince of the State of Qatar, his Excellency/ Hamad Bin Jassem Al-Jabr Al-Thani – the Prime-Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs, his Excellency/ Ahmad Bin Mohamed Bin Jabr Al-Thani – the Forum’s Director and Last but not least his Excellency/ Ambassador Abdullah Fakhro – the Head of the Organization Committee .

 

الجلسات:-

  • ·         رؤى حول المشهد السياسى والإقتصادى العالمى:

ما لفت نظرى مثلا فى جلسة رؤى حول المشهد السياسى والإقتصادى العالمى – شهادة السيد/ مراد مدسلى “وزير الشؤون الخارجية بالجزائر” وحواره عن مواقف أمريكا وأوروبا وإسرائيل من الثورات العربية وكيف إنها كانت على غير هواها بما لن تحقق مصالحها ومطامعها فى المستقبل وبذلك يحاولون الضغط على هذه الدول ليستعيدوا ما فاتهم من كسب ونتفق أنا وهو سويا فى أن أوروبا فى مأزق كبير خصوصا مع تهديدات كبيرة على منطقة اليورو وعن عدم مصداقيتها عندما تدعى أن ترغب فى مساعدة الدول العربية ما بعد المسار الديموقراطى وهى نفسها تمر بسقوط مالى مروع سيعصف إن عاجلا أم آجلا بدول منطقة اليورو وسقوط ست دول فى مرحلة الخطر بدأت بسقوط آيسلندا مروراً باليونان وإيطاليا وأسبانيا والبرتغال وأيرلندا – ناهينا عن دول وسط وشرق أوروبا التى دخلت – والضغوط الشديد التى يعانى منها مواطن دول غرب أوروبا مثلا فى فرنسا وألمانيا من تحمل ضرائب لا طاقة له بها لسداد ديون هذه لدول وفرض حالات التقشف القصرى على المواطنين – السؤال الأهم هل لو فعلا وصلت هذه الدول العربية للحريات والديموقراطية وغيرها سيحصل منها الغرب على نفس المنافع التى كان يحصل سابقا أم ستختلف عن السابق لأن مصالح الدول هذه ستكون ندا لمصالح الغرب؟

Sessions:-

  • Insights on the political scene and the global economy:

There was something in this session, the speech of his Excellency Mr. Mourad Morselli “the Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs” and his dialogue about the situations of USA, Europe and Israel from the Arab revolutions, and how it was not complying with their desire and will not achieve their future interests and greed, therefore they are trying to do pressures on such uprisings states to restore their loss of gains. Also, I do agree with him that Europe now in a big trouble after the big threatens that pressing the Euro-Zone, as well as that Europe is not sufficiently credible in assuming that it may support the Arab spring states after achieving democracy, when it is suffering from a big financial recession that will blow sooner or later this Euro-Zone and the fall of six Euro states, started from Iceland, then passed by Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Ireland, in addition to Middle and Eastern European states that entered the European Union recently and had already financial crisis, plus sever pressures suffered by Western European citizen e.g. France and Germany concerning bearing very heavy tax burdens in order to pay off the debts of the above suffering states, as well as imposing obligatory austerity status on citizens. Whereupon, if the Arab states really achieved liberties and democracy, does the west will obtain from it the same benefits it had already obtained before, or shall be differed from that obtained in the past, because the interests of such states will be encountered towards the western ones?               

  • ·         التنمية:

الكلام عن اهداف الألفية وهذه القصص الساذجة غير منطقى وغير واقعى فى ضوء الإصرار على أفكار اليمين المتطرف والرأسمالية المنفلتة التى أدت لسقوط الإقتصاد العالمى ولا نثق فيه لأنه زادت معدلات الفقر والمرض والبطالة فى حين أننا مقبلون على كارثة حقيقة فى العالم العربى مع الإحتياج على الأقل لعدد 100 مليون وظيفة للشباب العربى بحلول 2015 وهذا بحكم كل الإحصائيات الخاصة بالتنمية البشرية عن المنطقة وحتى الإحصاءات العربية لمنظمة العمل العربية – ما أزعجنى فعلا هى شهادة وزير الخارجية التونسى السيد/ رفيق عبد السلام لأنه كان يتحدث مثل “خيرت الشاطر” بمصر عن الإقتصاد بعيد كل البعد عن معايير التنمية الفعلية التى تحقق مساواة وتكافؤ فى الفرص وعدالة فى التوزيع – لأنه وبكل بساطة إذا سارت النظم الإقتصادية فى الدول الثورية على الإقتصاد الرأسمالى الصرف لن يتحقق أى مبدأ من المبادىء التى قامت عليها الثورات من خبز وحرية وعدالة اجتماعية لأن الثورة هى تغيير فى كل الأنظمة السابقة والتى تمكن الفئات المهمشة والضعيفة من الحصول على حقوقها الأساسية وعليه فإن فكر الإخوان المسلمين الإقتصادى يجب أن يتغير ويضع نصب أعينه المواطن البسيط الذى قامت من أجله الثورات.

 

  • Development:

Talking about the goals of the Millennium and such silly stories is illogical and unrealistic in light of the insistence on the ideas of the extreme right and unrestrained capitalism, which led to the recession of the global economy and we do not trust it anymore, because it increased the rates of poverty, disease and unemployment, while we are on the verge of disaster, the fact that in the Arab world with the requirement at least for 100 million jobs for Arab youth by 2015 and that by virtue of all the statistics on human development for the region and even Arab Statistics for the Arab Labor Organization – What really bothered me the speech of the Tunisian Foreign Minister Mr. / Rafiq Abdul Salam because he was talking like “Khayrat El-Shater in Egypt” about the economy in Tunisia and how much it is far from the actual development standards that achieve equality and equity of opportunity and fairness in the distribution – Because, quite simply, if all goes economic systems in revolutionary countries covenant on absolute capitalist economy – any principle will not be achieved of principles upon which the revolutions were made represented in bread, freedom and social justice – based on that the revolution is considered as a change in all previous systems, which empower the marginalized and vulnerable groups to have access to their fundamental rights – and therefore the economic thought of the Muslim Brotherhood should be changed and they should take care of the simple citizen to whom the revolutions initiated for.

 

  • ·         الإستراتيجية – مستقبل السلام فى الشرق الأوسط:

توجد نفس المشكلة التى أثرتها أعلاه مع السيد/ مراد مدسلى – وزير خارجية الجزائر – أن مصالح الدول الثورية ستختلف ما بعد الثورات مع كل من أمريكا وإسرائيل على حسب مصالح المواطنين فى الداخل وكذلك لن تحل القضية الفلسطينية دون اتفاق العرب انفسهم على الحل والتكتل أمام إسرائيل وأعنى هنا بالعرب الشعوب العربية لا الأنظمة – الأخيرة التى تخاف على عروشها وكراسيها لعلاقتها مع هاتين الدولتين وانقسم حاليا العالم العربى لطرفين طرف ثورى يعيد تقييم علاقته بالعالم بما فيه امريكا واسرائيل وطرف آخر يؤكد على علاقته بأمريكا واسرائيل لإستقرار المنطقة ولكنى لا أعلم أى استقرار يقولون على حساب كرامة الشعوب ونضالهم فى الحصول على حقوقهم الأساسية وهل فعلا بعد السقوط المالى المروع وكون أمريكا مستدانة بحوالى 14 تريلليون دولار هى القوى الول فى العالم أم أن القوى الجديدة سحبت منها البساط وهى حاليا التى تقوى بشكل كبير وناعم يدركه المنخرطين فى المجال الإقتصادى والسياسى فى العالم.

 

  • Strategy – the Future of Peace in the Middle East:

There is the same problem that I raised above with his Excellency Mr. / Murad Medsly – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Algeria – that the interests of the revolutionary states will vary after the revolutions with both America and Israel, according to the interests of citizens at home and also will not solve the Palestinian issue without an agreement among the Arabs themselves towards the solution and to be collided against Israel, and I mean here the Arab peoples not political regimes – the latter, which fears for its throne to its relationship with those two countries, the matter that splits now the Arab world to two parties by the revolutionary states, one re-evaluate its relationship to the world, including America, Israel and the other party confirms its relationship with America and Israel to the stability of the region, but I do not know what stability they mean at the expense of the dignity of peoples and their struggle to get their fundamental rights – Is it already after the terrible financial recession, as well as the fact that the domestic debt of the United States is estimated about 14 trillion dollars – does US still the first in the world anymore – or that new powers pulled the rug out from America and are currently strengthened significantly and smoothly, which is understood by those who involved in the economic and political field in the world.

 

  • ·         دور الأزمة المالية العالمية فى إعادة هيكلة السياسية الإقتصادية والتداعيات على الدول العربية:

المشكلة تكرار نفس الكلام عن السوق الحر المنفلت الذى يضبط نفسه بنفسه وكأننا لم نمر بسقوط مالى مروع من 2007 عصف باقتصاديات العالم وخصوصاً أوروبا وأمريكا نتيجة تخطيط الإقتصاد السياسى وبرامج صندوق النقد الدولى والبنك الدولى الفاشلة، وكذلك غياب أخلاقيات الشركات متعددة الجنسيات والتى همها الأكبر السيطرة على اكبر حصة سوقية عالمية واكبر أرباح دون إتباع أخلاقيات معروفة وواضحة واحتكارها للمواد الخام والتحكم فى الأسعار عالميا واستخدامها عمالة بسعر رخيص – وكذلك محاولة السيطرة على ثروات الغير فنقوم بحرب على العراق للإستيلاء على البترول لإحتواءها على أكبر مخزون عالمى حاليا من البترول – على زعم أنها تحتوى على أسلحة دمار شامل كذبا أو بدعوى الحرب على الإرهاب – لكى تكون التهم جاهزة وتدمر بلد ويقتل مليون ونصف عراقى ولا يحاسب أحد من هؤلاء القتلة أمثال بوش الإبن بل ونساعده كدول عربية فى ذلك لا أعلم على أى أساس عدا بقاء نفس الأنظمة فى مواقعها.

 

بالرغم أن أمريكا عندما إدعت فى أحداث 11/9 أن الإرهابيين قتلوا حوالى 2000 شخص أمريكى بمبنى التجارة وألصقت هذه التهمة كذباً بالإسلام فى شكل سيناريو سينمائى كاذب أقامت الدنيا ولم تقعدها هل قتلاهم لهم ثمن أم قتلانا ليس لهم ثمن، والمشكل الأكبر هل وفى ضوء الأزمة التى فضحت فساد أوروبا وأمريكا نتيجة هذه الحروب الغير مبررة التى خسروها للأسف ولم يستطيعوا تحقيق ما تمنوه فى المنطقة، ولا الإستيلاء على بترول العراق هل تم حساب أحد من مسئولى أمريكا، وماذا عن البنوك التى أفلست ولم يحاسب مسئوليها الذين استولوا على مليارات الدولارات من الشعب الأمريكى المكبل بالديون والأقساط شهريا وسنويا،  وعليه فخرجت حركة اليسار فى أمريكا حاليا المسماة “احتلوا وول استريت” لتأثرها بمبادىء الثورة المصرية وميدان التحرير والتى تنادى بالعدالة الإجتماعية المفقودة فى أمريكا.

 

ومع تصدير النموذج الغربى وليس النموذج كاملا ولكن الجانب الإستهلاكى منه فقط تضاءل حلم وجود منطقة عربية إقتصادية قوية تحاول التعرف على مواردها الإقتصادية وبناء اقتصاد حقيقى يقوم على نهضة علمية وصناعية وزراعية ثم أخذ المنطقة لتجارة الخدمات مثل البورصة والمضاربات والعقار والإعتماد فقط على العوائد الريعية من البترول والغاز وتحويل المواطنين إلى ماكينات استهلاكية مع وجود إعلام مضلل مثله كمثل غيره فى العالم فأصبح لدينا مواطنين فى اغلب الدول العربية مطبعين بهذه الثقافة الإستهلاكية الآتية من أمريكا والتى أدت لإفلاس دبى مرتين مثلا وإضطرارها للحصول على دعم من ابو ظبى مرتين وكذلك تاثر دول مجلس التعاون بالآزمة الإقتصادية الأمريكية وأزمة سيولة طاحنة عصفت بكثير من الوظائف والشركات لتعسر السداد وبدلا من ان يتعلم العرب من ذلك استمروا فيه وفشلت مثلا فى مجلس التعاون بناء مجلس اقتصادى وتوحيد العملة الخليجية للخلاف على رئاسة هذا المجلس مع فشل قمتين عربيتين “الكويت وشرم الشيخ” فى حتى إنشاء صندوق محترم لدعم الشباب العربى به الأموال اللازمة لتمكينهم إقتصاديا وفشل الجامعة العربية فى التعبير عن الشعوب العربية والشباب العربى.

 

كذلك عدم تنويع سلة النقد والعملات مع قصر غالبية التعامل مع الولايات المتحدة ودول غرب اوروبا وعد الدخول فى شراكات أكبر مع القوى الإقتصادية الجديدة فى العالم والتى يمكن أن تساعدها فى بناء نهضة مع عدم التطور السياسى والإجتماعى فى الخليج وغالبية الدول العربية لوجود حرب مفتعلة ضحيتها المواطن يتم تصويرها خطئا ما بين الدين والحريات والدين الديموقراطية والتى ليس بالأساس ثمة تناقض بينهما ومحاولة إدخال الطائفية حتى يمكنها إجهاض أى تغيير وإبعاد فكرة المواطنة وأنى مواطن من حقى كل الحقوق وعلى كل الواجبات – إلا أننى أعتقد أن التغيير قادم قادم، لا محالة لتأثر المواطن العربى فى كل مكان بما حوله من تغييرات كبيرة وخصوصاً الثورات التى فاجئت والهمت العالم.

 

كذلك فشل ساركوزى فى الإنتخابات أمام اليسار المتمثل فى “أولاند” وهذا مؤشر خطير فى أوروبا والتى ليس لديهم أموال كافية حالياً لسداد المديونيات التى تسببت فيها أمريكا والإقتصاد اليمينى المتطرف الذى اتبعوه – لأن هذا ينذر بصعود اليسار والقوى الإشتراكية فى أوروبا الغربية وبسرعة بعدما إكتوى الأوروبيون بنيران الرأسمالية المنفلتة وأصبح يسدد ضرائب لا طائل له بها إنقاذا لسياسيين فقط لصورة أوروبا أمام العالم مع تفشى البطالة والهجرة والإنتحار بموجب التقارير التى نراها عن الأوضاع الإجتماعية فى أوروبا يومياً.

 

وهذه كانت محور الأسئلة التى سألتها للسيد/ ماتياس لوندبرج كبير الإقتصاديين بالبنك الدولى لدى المملكة المتحدة.

 

  • The role of the global financial crisis in reshaping political and economic repercussions on Arab & GCC countries:

The problem is to repeat the same talk about the runaway free market, which adjusts itself as if we were not going through the fall of the financial horrific of 2007 devastated the economies of the world, especially Europe and America as a result of the failed political economy and programs planning of the IMF and the World Bank, as well as the absence of the ethics of multinational companies, which concerned with greater control over the largest global market share and bigger profits without following well-known and clear ethics, and its monopoly of raw materials and control in prices globally and use cheap labor. As well as the trial to control over the wealth of the others, accordingly fabricating a war against Iraq to take over its petrol as it includes the biggest reserve of it worldwide, alleging falsely that Iraq has mass destruction weapons, or alleging that this is a war against terrorism, in order to have ready accusations to destruct a country and kill about one million and half of innocents and nobody judged of such killers like George W Bush, and unfortunately the Arab regimes supported him in such historical scandal, based on what, unless remaining such regimes as they are in oppressive governance.

 

Despite that USA alleged in 9/11 that terrorists killed about 2000 US citizens at World Trade Center, and then pasted such accusation falsely to Islam in tricky scenario, accordingly USA made all such massacres, therefore I am wondering, Are their killed people worthy when ours are not? The greater problem, in the light of the economic recession that has disclosed the corruption of both Europe and US as a result of their unjustified wars they lost, as well as they neither achieve what they really intended in our area, nor usurp the petrol of Iraq, Did they really judge any of their politicians for such scandalous matter? What about the bankrupted banks and nobody of its top administration being sued, who usurped billions of US$ from the US people, the latter who are tied by debts and monthly and annual installments, accordingly there was a necessity for the emergence of US left represented in “Occupy Wall Street” as such movement was impressed by the principles of the Egyptian revolution and Tahrir Square that claiming for the lost social justice in USA.

 

While export western model and not the form in full, but its consumption side, it only has dwindled dream of having the Strong Arab Economic Zone trying to identify its economic resources and build a real economy based on scientific, industrial and agricultural renaissance, and then take the region to trade in services such as stock market and speculation, real estate and rely only on the returns of oil and gas – and convert people to consumption machines accompanied with misleading information, like others in the world – bringing our citizens in most of Arab countries to be normalized with such consumption culture coming from America, which led to the bankruptcy of Dubai twice, for example, and made it obliged to get support from Abu Dhabi twice – as well as negative impact on GCC by the American economic crisis and a fierce crisis of liquidity engulfed much of the jobs and companies to obstructed payment – and instead of learning from that, they continued in such path. Whereas, for example GCC failed to build the proposed economic council and gulf monetary union according to disputes on the presidency of the Council – with the failure of the 2 Arab economic summits “Kuwait and Sharm el-Sheikh, “even in the establishment of a respected fund to support Arab youth to empower them economically, as well as the Arab League failed in the expression of the Arab people and Arab youth.

 

As well as non-diversified basket of cash and currency with restricting most of transactions with the United States and the countries of Western Europe and not to engage in more partnerships with the new economic powers in the world, which can help them in building a renaissance – with no political and social development in the Gulf and the majority of Arab countries as a result of fabricated that sacrifices the citizen – to be photographed by mistake that is between religion and liberties – or religion and democracy, which is not primarily indicating that there is a contradiction between them – and try to enter sectarian clashes in this regard, so that they can abort any change and the removal of the idea of citizenship and that I am citizen, therefore I enjoy all the rights and bearing all duties – but I think that change is coming is coming, inevitably influenced by Arab citizen everywhere, including big changes around him, especially revolutions that surprised and inspired the world.

 

As well as the failure of Sarkozy in the election to the left of “Hollande” This is considered a serious indicator in Europe, which do not have enough money now to pay off debts caused by the United States and the right-wing extremist economy, which was followed by the EU States – because this portends the rise of the left and the forces of socialism in Western Europe so quickly – after it burned Europeans by unrestrained fire of capitalism – and made the European citizen pay unfair taxes to save only the politicians and save the image of Europe to the world – with the spread of unemployment, immigration and suicide provided with the reports that we see every-day about the social situation in Europe.

 

This was the focus of questions that I addressed to Mr. / Matthias Lundeberg World Bank Chief Economist to the United Kingdom.

                

  • ·         التغيرات السياسية والحقوق المدنية فى الشرق الأوسط:

لا أعلم ماذا أقول عن هذه الجلسة التى اتلفتها مديرتها ويندى تشمبرلن رئيس معهد الشرق الأوسط فى واشنطن والتى أدارت الجلسة بطريقة متخلفة مفتعلة انها إختارت أناس للتعليق على هواها إعتقدت خطأ لعدم مهنيتها ومصداقيتها أنها شخصيات مهمة لجلوسهم فى الصفوف الأمامية وأضاعت فرص للتعليق على نقاط مهمة ممن هم فى الصفوف الخلفية على مرأى ومسمع من الحضور وهذا يدل على سوء إختيار بعض الشخصيات لمناصب مثل هذه أو لإدارة جلسات بهذه الأهمية.

 

اشكر السيد/ خالد جناحى من البحرين والذى غير رأيه فى الثورات العربية وقال كلاما يختلف عما قاله العام السابق فى نفس المنتدى 2011 – فهل فعلا غيرت الثورات العربية من البحرين، لليمن، لمصر، لتونس فى نفوس بعض من كانوا ضدها فى البداية أم تغير المصالح وفقا للمصالح المقابلة وعدم إفلاح المال السياسى فى إثناء الثورات عن المضى فى طريقها.

 

“هناك بعض الجلسات التى لم أحضرها لتشابه وتداخل وضعف الموضوعات أو المحاضرين أو لكل ذلك وسأعلق عليها فى الملاحظات”

 

 

  • Political Changes & Civil Rights in the Middle East:

I do not know what to say about this meeting, damaged by its Moderator – Wendy Chamberlin – Head of the Middle East Institute in Washington, where she steered the meeting in a fabricated backward for the chosen people to comment as it sees fit – but she thought wrongly according to missing of professionalism and credibility – that these characters important to sit in the front rows – and missed opportunities to comment on the important points for those who are in the back rows – in full view of the audience – and this indicates the poor selection of some of the characters for such important positions, or to steer these important sessions.

 

I would like to thank Mr. / Khalid Janahi from Bahrain, who changed his mind in the Arab revolts and when his speech is different comparing to what he stated last year in the same forum 2011 – Is it really the Arab revolts from Bahrain, Yemen, Egypt and Tunisia that changed the hearts of some who were against it in the beginning – or a change in the interests according to the encountered interests, with the failure of political money to dissuade revolutions from moving further on its way.

 

“There were some sessions that were not attended to the similarity, overlap and the weakness of the topics or lecturers, or all of this and I will comment upon in the notes hereunder”.

 

  • ·         الإعلام:

من أهم النقاط التى أثارها السيد حسن الراشدى – مدير مركز الجزيرة للإعلام والتى علقت عليها هى التدريب بشكل مهنى للعاملين فى هذا المجال وكذلك المدونين والصحفيين المواطنين – لأنه سمعنا عن غلق مكاتب محطات إعلامية فى دول معينة مثل مصر ولدينا حالتين “الجزيرة مباشر مصر” ومداهمة مقر قناتى “الحرة والعالم” وهذا يرجع لنقص التدريب وكذلك الإعتماد على مراسلين ومقدمين جدد أو محدودى الخبرة لا يقدموا الرسالة الإعلامية بشكل محايد وموضوعى ومهنى فيقوموا مثلا مع الحماس الزائد بالتعبير عن وجهة نظرهم الشخصية فى حادث معين ثم يعتقد بكل تأكيد من يراهم أن هذه وجهة نظر المحطة وبالتالى ليتعرضوا سواء للملاحقة القانونية أو الغلق أو لمشاكل تنظيمية تتعلق بتجديد تصاريح وكذلك الحال بالنسبة للمدونين لأن هناك حد فاصل بين السب والقذف والإنتقاد للإنتقاد والإنتقاد البناء وعليه فالتدريب مهم جداً.

 

إلا ان ما أثارنى كثيراً أن دور الإعلام قد لا يكون موضوعى فى معالجة بعض القضايا والموضوعات بالغة الأهمية إرضاءا لنظام معين أو مصالح معينة وهذا واجهته معظم القنوات العربية الكبيرة وبإمتياز وخصوصاً فى الشأن الخليجى ومن ضمنه بكل تأكيد الشأن البحرينى عموما هذا العام وكذلك الشأن السورى فهل نحن نريد إعلام محايد موضوعى مهنى أم يكون محايد وموضوعى ومهنى فى مواقف وغير ذلك فى مواقف أخرى.

 

  • Media:

Of the most important points raised by Mr. Hassan Rachidi – Director of Al Jazeera Centre for Media, who commented on is the training professionally for workers in this field, as well as bloggers and citizen journalists – because we heard about the closure of media offices and stations in certain countries such as Egypt and we have two cases, “Al Jazeera Live – Egypt” and raiding the headquarters of “Al-Horra & Alalam News” and this is due to lack of training, as well as rely on new reporters and anchors or limited experience persons, who do not provide the media message in a neutral, objective and professional manner. Therefore, they make, for example, with enthusiasm excess to express their personal point of view in a given accident, and then thought surely who sees that this is the view of the station and thus exposed to either prosecution or closure or regulatory problems related to the renewal of permits, as well as the case for bloggers because there is a dividing line between libel, slander and criticism, criticism for criticism and constructive criticism, therefore training is very important matter.

 

However, what really stimulated me that the role of media may not be objective in treating with some matters and some important issues, to satisfy some certain regime, or to obtain some interests, such subject was envisaged by most of the big Arab media channels especially when treating the gulf issues, that certainly including the Bahraini issue in general this year, as well as treating with the Syrian file, therefore do we really need neutral, objective and professional media, or to follow such path in specific situations, otherwise in other situations.    

 

  • ·         الجلسة الختامية:

فوجئت بالسيد/ شون كليرى مدير مؤسسة المستقبل ومستشار منتدى ديفوس يقتبس الكثير من جلسة عقدت فى معهد بروكنجز فى اليوم الثانى من المؤتمر والتى دعيت لحضورها وكان المتحدثون فيها كل من السيد/ وضاح خنفر المدير السابق لشبكة الجزيرة والسيد/ هون ديفيد ميليباند والتى كان يديرها سلمان شيخ والتى كانت تتناول موضوع “ثورة المعلومات والديموقراطية والشرعية فى القرن الـ 21” ليدخلها ضمن توصيات المؤتمر فيما يتعلق بحقوق المواطنة وكيف ان التغاضى عنها فى البحرين اخل بالتوازن الإجتماعى وان النموذج الأوروبى أو الغربى لم يعد هو النموذج المثالى للتصدير ولا بد من التعرف على نماذج اخرى وعلى سلبيات إستغلال الإعلام الجديد والذى يستخدم فى اشعال الطائفية ما بين أطراف الوطن الواحد والدين الواحد ودور الإعلام الذى يجب ان يلتزم بأخلاقيات ومهنية لا تضلل المشاهدين وكل هذه الأشياء مما تم مناقشتها فى جلسة معهد بروكنجز والتى للأسف كانت أقوى من معظم جلسات المنتدى هذا العام.

 

  • Closure session:

I was surprised that Mr. Sean Cleary, the Director of the Future Foundation and an Advisor to Davos Forum, cited a lot of things discussed at a session held at Brookings Center Doha at the 2nd day of Doha 12th Forum; to which I was invited to attend where the speakers were Mr. Waddah Khanfar Director of Sharq Forum and the Ex-Director of Aljazeera Network and the RT Hon David Miliband, MP Member of Parliament and former Foreign Secretary, UK and moderated by Mr. Salman Shaikh the Director of Brookings Doha, that was dealing with the Information Revolution: Democracy & Legitimacy in the 21st Century; to insert it within the recommendations of Doha 12th Forum. Concerning citizenship rights, how much disregard such rights in Bahrain made social imbalance in society, as well as the Western model is not anymore the ideal model to be exported to the whole world, as we should acquaint other credible models in this regard. Also the negative impact of using the new media represented in the social networks that could be used maliciously to stimulate sectarianism between the parties whether of the same patrie, or the same religion. When media should be committed with ethics and professionalism that avoid followers and viewers misleading and all such things that had been discussed openly at Brookings Center were unfortunately stronger than the forum’s panel discussions itself this year.            

 

ملاحظات:-

–       هناك ضعف فى المنتدى عن العام الماضى ليس لعيب أو تقصير فى التنظيم ولكن يمكن فى تكرار الشخصيات وعدم التنوع فى اختيارها التى رأيتها العام الماضى بنفس الأجندة فأصبحت الحلقات النقاشية حلقات مناقشة هواة.

 

–       المتوسط العمرى للحضور لا زال كبير نسبيا مع تضائل بشكل كبير فى أعداد الشباب فى غالبية المحاور.

 

–       الإعتماد الكبير على الأمريكان فى التنظيم وبالتالى فالحضور كان من وجهة نظر امريكية غربية مع غياب تام للقوى الجديدة بوفود محترمة تليق بوجودها فى العالم مثلا فلم نصادف وفود كبيرة من الصين أو إيران أو روسيا أو البرازيل أو الأرجنتين أو المكسيك أو جنوب إفريقيا أو كوريا الجنوبية أو تايوان أو سنغافورة أو ماليزيا واين التواجد لأفريقيا أكبر سوق عالمى من هذا المنتدى وذلك للتعرف على التجارب الناجحة سواء فى الإقتصاد أو فى الجوانب السياسية المتمثلة فى الديموقراطية والحريات وكيف تمت عمليات المصالحة ما بين الجماعات العرقية فى بعض الدول الإفريقية والأسيوية وسارت بشكل كبير فى مسار الديموقراطية وما هى الفرص الإقتصادية الكبيرة التى يمكن الإستفادة منها فى هذا المنتدى.

 

–       أثيرت فى محور الأقليات عدد من القضايا الخاصة بتمكين فئات تطالب بحريات شخصية متطرفة جدا – أنا لست ضد هذه الطلبات ولكن كيف يمكن أن نمكن الأفراد من حقوق شخصية متطرفة كالحريات الجنسية مثلا وعلى الجانب الآخر نفس الأفراد غير ممكنين اقتصاديا فى ظل احتكارات اقتصادية وعدم وجود قوانين عمالة واضحة وشفافة وتضاؤل عدد الوظائف ووجود نظام كفالة وعدم تمكين الشباب العربى من العمل فى الدول العربية وتفضيل جنسيات اخرى مختلفى الثقافة لعدم مطالبتهم بنفس الحقوق التى يطالب بها الشباب العربى – هذا الشباب له حق يتوجب أن يتمكن منه ويحصل عليه وهذا كان أحد أهم أسباب القيام بثورات فى الدول التى قامت فيها وعلى الجانب الآخر هل سيظل الشباب فى غالبية دول مجلس التعاون محروماً من إنشاء الجمعيات والأحزاب والنقابات التى تدربهم على الحياة السياسية ثم بعد ذلك الدخول للمشاركة فى الحكم والحياة السياسية من خلال مجالس نيابية أو برلمانات حقيقية وكان ذلك من النقاط المهمة التى كان يجب أن تضح فى المؤتمر أو يتم مناقشتها على الأقل لأن هذا أصبح أمر حتمى.     

 

–       وجود بعض الشخصيات من مصر يتم دعوتها وهم من فلول النظام السابق والذين شاركوا فى إفساد الحياة السياسية والإقتصادية فى مصر ولم يقدموا أو يأخروا شىء فى المنتدى.

 

–       كنت أتمنى عقد جلسات خاصة بدور الشعوب والشباب فى المنطقة والعالم وهل المنظمات الإقليمية والدولية عبر العالم تعبر بالفعل عن رغبات هذه الشعوب والشباب وهل يتوجب إصلاح هذه المنظمات سواء جامعة عربية، أو أمم متحدة، أو بنك دولى، أم صندوق نقد دولى وهل فعلا هذه المنظمات جزء من حل الأزمة ام شاركت فى تفاقم الأزمة والفساد فى الدول التى حدثت بها ثورات. 

 

–       أخيراً وليس آخراً، عندما ننتقد أو نقيم فإننا نقوم بذلك حرصاً على نجاح هذا الحدث وليس إنتقاصا منه لأننا لو لم نعترف بالأخطاء سنخسر على المدى الطويل – وفى النهاية أكرر شكرى لكل من ساهم فى التنظيم الجيد لهذا المنتدى وخصوصا شباب المنتدى المتطوعين لدى الخارجية القطرية والذين كانوا يوفروا لنا كحضور كل سبل الراحة وهم المكسب الحقيقى الذى خرجت به من هذا المؤتمر بالنسبة لى بالإضافة للتعرف والتشبيك مع بعض الوفود للتنسيق والعمل المشترك.

 

–       الشعوب هى من تحمى الأوطان والحكام وليس العكس.

 

  • Notes:-

 

–         The forum is weaker this year than the last year’s one, but it is not the mistake or the negligence of the organization, but perhaps inviting the same old faces, when the choice was not diversified, as I noticed the last year, with the same western stereotyped agenda, therefore the panel discussions became like aimless amateurs dialogues.

 

–         The age average still probably too old, and then youth attendance percentage in most of sessions was very few.

 

–         More relying on Americans in the matter of organization, therefore the attendance was only complying with their point of view and disregarded inviting the new economic powers worldwide that should be existed with proper delegations that fit its position in the world currently, accordingly we did not meet proper delegations from China, Iran, Russia, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, South Africa, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore or Malaysia. With the absence of the biggest market in the world represented in Africa in this forum, in order to recognize the successful experiments whether in economic or in political sides represented in democracy and liberties, and also how the process of reconciliation between the ethnic groups was made in some Afro-Asian states and then took the right democratic path, as well as what are the big economic opportunities to which we can benefit from attending this forum.

 

–         A lot of issues were highlighted in the minorities panel discussion and workshops, when some requested empowering categories in society claiming for extreme personal liberties – I am not personally against such claims and requests, however how could we accept extreme personal rights like sexual liberties, when on the other side the same persons are not empowered economically caused by economic monopolies. As well as the inexistence of clear and transparent labor laws, diminishing of the available job opportunities, the existence of sponsorship/Kafala system, not empowering the Arab youth to work in the Arab states and preferring other nationalities with different culture to work alternatively, as they do not have the same rights and expectations claimed by Arab youth. Whereas such Arab youth has the right and should be empowered to obtain it, to which it was one of the most important reasons of the revolutions. On other hand, Will the Arab youth in GCC being deprived anymore from incorporating strong civil society (NGOs, Parties and Syndicates) that can train and qualify them well on a real political live, and then they can make active participation in governance and political life through real parliaments or representation councils. That was one of the most important topics that should be clarified in such forum as it is a necessary matter in this regard.

 

–         The existence of some Egyptian figures invited, as they were members of the corrupted ex-regime and participated in deteriorating both political and economic life and never added anything tangible to the forum!!!!!!!

 

–         I wished if there were sessions concerning the role of both peoples and youth in the area and the world, and how much regional and international organizations worldwide expressing the hopes and desires of both peoples and youth. Also, does reform should extend to such organizations e.g. Arab League, United Nations, World Bank or IMF? And do really such organizations is a part of the solution, or it was a part of increasing disasters and corruption in the revolt states?

 

–         Last but not least, when we criticize or make assessment, we do it as we are keening the success of this important Arab event and not to destruct it, because if we are not admitting that there were mistakes, we shall lose on the long round. At the end I do address my thanks and dedications for everyone participated in the good organization of this event, especially the youth/volunteers at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, who offer us all means of relaxation and comfort, as well as being my real gain in this event, in addition to my networking with some delegations for coordination and joint work.

 

–         Peoples protect both nations and rulers, and not vice versa.       

 

Please be guided accordingly…..

 

 

 

 

Ahmed Moustafa

Member of Council for the Development of

Social Science Research in Africa (www.codesria.org)

Member of Alexandria International Arbitration Center & Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods

(www.aiacadrs.net)

Socio-economic Specialist/Researcher/

Legal Translator at (www.eldibadvocates.com)

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International Law Association (ILA) Coordinator in Egypt

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